A Structural Atlas of the English Dialects.

By: Anderson, PeterMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandRoutledge Library Edition: The English Language: Publisher: Hoboken : Taylor and Francis, 2015Description: 1 online resource (168 p.)ISBN: 9781317487524Subject(s): English language -- Dialects -- England -- Maps | English language -- Dialects | LinguisticsGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: A Structural Atlas of the English DialectsDDC classification: 427.00223 LOC classification: PE1705 .A384 2015Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Original Title Page; Original Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Acknowledgements; Abbreviations; List of Maps; The International Phonetic Alphabet; 1. Introduction; Dialect boundaries; Cartographic techniques and the SED; ME sound system; Notes on the SED basic material; Notes; 2. Middle English Short Vowels; 2.1 ME /a/; 2.2 Raising of ME /a/; 2.3 Lengthening of ME /a/; 2.4 Timing of changes; 2.5 Retraction of ME /a/ before /r/; 2.6 Structural significance of developments; 2.7 ME /o/; 2.8 Lowering of ME /o/; 2.9 Unrounding of ME /o/
2.10 Fronting of ME /o/2.11 Lengthening of ME /o/; 2.12 ME /au/ (au); 2.13 Fronting of ME /au/; 2.14 Effects of lengthening and unrounding on ME /o/ and ME /au/; 2.15 Structural significance of the developments of ME /o/ and ME /au/; 2.16 ME /u/; 2.17 Lowering and unrounding of ME /u/; 2.18 Structural significance of the developments of ME /u/; 2.19 ME /ir/, /ur/ ; Notes; 3. Middle English Long Vowels; 3.1 ME /i:/; 3.2 Structural positions of ME /i:/; 3.3 ME /u:/; 3.4 Monophthongal forms; 3.5 Other developments; 3.6 Structural position of ME /u:/; 3.7 ME /a:/; 3.8 Rising diphthongs
3.9 Centring diphthongs3.10 Long monophthongs; 3.11 Upgliding diphthongs; 3.12 Structural relationship of ME /a:/ and ME /ai/; 3.13 Mergers; 3.14 Further consideration of the merger of the [εi] type; 3.15 ME /e:/; 3.16 Raising of ME /e:/; 3.17 Shortening of ME /e:/; 3.18 ME /ε:/ (<OE ǣ, ēa); 3.19 Development of ME /ε:/; 3.20 Ingliding diphthongs; 3.21 Long monophthongs and upgliding diphthongs; 3.22 Rising diphthongs; 3.23 Shortening of ME /ε:/; 3.24 ME /ε:/ (< eME /e/ lengthened in open syllables); 3.25 Structural relationship of ME /e:/ and ME /ε:/ (< OE ǣ, ēa); 3.26 Mergers
3.27 Structural relationship of ME /ε:/ (< OE ǣ, ēa ) and ME /a:/3.28 Structural relationship of ME /ai/ and ME /ε:/ (< OE ǣ, ēa); 3.29 Structural relationship of ME /ε:/ (< OE ǣ, ēa) and ME /ε:/ (< eME /e/ lengthened in open syllables); 3.30 General discussion of front vowel systems; 3.31 ME /e:r/ and ME /ε:r/; 3.32 ME /o:/; 3.33 Non-northern dialects fronting of ME /o:/; 3.34 Shortening of ME /o:/; 3.35 Development of /ɷ1/ in the north Midlands; 3.36 Northern dialects; 3.37 ME /ɔ:/ (< OE ā); 3.38 Non-northern developments - Ingliding diphthongs
3.39 Non-northern developments - Rising diphthongs3.40 Non-northern developments - Long monophthongs; 3.41 Fronting of ME /ɔ:/; 3.42 Raising of ME /ɔ:/; 3.43 Raising of ME /ɔ:/ and later fronting; 3.44 Shortening of ME /ɔ:/; 3.45 Upgliding diphthongs; 3.46 Northern developments; 3.47 ME /ɔ:/2 (< eME /o/ lengthened in open syllables); 3.48 Structural relationship of ME /o:/ and ME /ɔ:/, (< OE ā); 3.49 Structural relationship of ME /o:/ and ME /ε:/; 3.50 Structural relationship of ME /ɔ:/1 and ME /ɔ:/2; 3.51 ME /o:r/, /ɔ:r/, /or/; Notes; 4. Middle English Diphthongs; 4.1 ME /ai/ monophthongs
4.2 Ingliding diphthongs
Summary: <P>First published in 1987, this atlas identifies structural patterns which exist in the sound systems of the dialects of England. It regards variation, not as something to be ignored or avoided, but as a central and essential feature of dialect, which must be accounted for in a systematic way. The study identifies some of the more prominent structural boundaries between dialect areas and argues that discrete boundaries do not exist: rather there are a number of areas separated by bands of dialects in which conflicting partial systems exist.</P>
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Cover; Half Title; Title Page; Copyright Page; Original Title Page; Original Copyright Page; Table of Contents; Acknowledgements; Abbreviations; List of Maps; The International Phonetic Alphabet; 1. Introduction; Dialect boundaries; Cartographic techniques and the SED; ME sound system; Notes on the SED basic material; Notes; 2. Middle English Short Vowels; 2.1 ME /a/; 2.2 Raising of ME /a/; 2.3 Lengthening of ME /a/; 2.4 Timing of changes; 2.5 Retraction of ME /a/ before /r/; 2.6 Structural significance of developments; 2.7 ME /o/; 2.8 Lowering of ME /o/; 2.9 Unrounding of ME /o/

2.10 Fronting of ME /o/2.11 Lengthening of ME /o/; 2.12 ME /au/ (au); 2.13 Fronting of ME /au/; 2.14 Effects of lengthening and unrounding on ME /o/ and ME /au/; 2.15 Structural significance of the developments of ME /o/ and ME /au/; 2.16 ME /u/; 2.17 Lowering and unrounding of ME /u/; 2.18 Structural significance of the developments of ME /u/; 2.19 ME /ir/, /ur/ ; Notes; 3. Middle English Long Vowels; 3.1 ME /i:/; 3.2 Structural positions of ME /i:/; 3.3 ME /u:/; 3.4 Monophthongal forms; 3.5 Other developments; 3.6 Structural position of ME /u:/; 3.7 ME /a:/; 3.8 Rising diphthongs

3.9 Centring diphthongs3.10 Long monophthongs; 3.11 Upgliding diphthongs; 3.12 Structural relationship of ME /a:/ and ME /ai/; 3.13 Mergers; 3.14 Further consideration of the merger of the [εi] type; 3.15 ME /e:/; 3.16 Raising of ME /e:/; 3.17 Shortening of ME /e:/; 3.18 ME /ε:/ (<OE ǣ, ēa); 3.19 Development of ME /ε:/; 3.20 Ingliding diphthongs; 3.21 Long monophthongs and upgliding diphthongs; 3.22 Rising diphthongs; 3.23 Shortening of ME /ε:/; 3.24 ME /ε:/ (< eME /e/ lengthened in open syllables); 3.25 Structural relationship of ME /e:/ and ME /ε:/ (< OE ǣ, ēa); 3.26 Mergers

3.27 Structural relationship of ME /ε:/ (< OE ǣ, ēa ) and ME /a:/3.28 Structural relationship of ME /ai/ and ME /ε:/ (< OE ǣ, ēa); 3.29 Structural relationship of ME /ε:/ (< OE ǣ, ēa) and ME /ε:/ (< eME /e/ lengthened in open syllables); 3.30 General discussion of front vowel systems; 3.31 ME /e:r/ and ME /ε:r/; 3.32 ME /o:/; 3.33 Non-northern dialects fronting of ME /o:/; 3.34 Shortening of ME /o:/; 3.35 Development of /ɷ1/ in the north Midlands; 3.36 Northern dialects; 3.37 ME /ɔ:/ (< OE ā); 3.38 Non-northern developments - Ingliding diphthongs

3.39 Non-northern developments - Rising diphthongs3.40 Non-northern developments - Long monophthongs; 3.41 Fronting of ME /ɔ:/; 3.42 Raising of ME /ɔ:/; 3.43 Raising of ME /ɔ:/ and later fronting; 3.44 Shortening of ME /ɔ:/; 3.45 Upgliding diphthongs; 3.46 Northern developments; 3.47 ME /ɔ:/2 (< eME /o/ lengthened in open syllables); 3.48 Structural relationship of ME /o:/ and ME /ɔ:/, (< OE ā); 3.49 Structural relationship of ME /o:/ and ME /ε:/; 3.50 Structural relationship of ME /ɔ:/1 and ME /ɔ:/2; 3.51 ME /o:r/, /ɔ:r/, /or/; Notes; 4. Middle English Diphthongs; 4.1 ME /ai/ monophthongs

4.2 Ingliding diphthongs

<P>First published in 1987, this atlas identifies structural patterns which exist in the sound systems of the dialects of England. It regards variation, not as something to be ignored or avoided, but as a central and essential feature of dialect, which must be accounted for in a systematic way. The study identifies some of the more prominent structural boundaries between dialect areas and argues that discrete boundaries do not exist: rather there are a number of areas separated by bands of dialects in which conflicting partial systems exist.</P>

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