Medical Gases : Production, Applications, and Safety

By: Müller, HartwigMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandPublisher: Hoboken : Wiley, 2015Description: 1 online resource (185 p.)ISBN: 9783527676040Subject(s): Gases -- Therapeutic use | Medical instruments and apparatus | Medical technologyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Medical Gases : Production, Applications, and SafetyDDC classification: 610.28 LOC classification: RT42 .M384 2015Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Cover; Title Page; Copyright; Contents; Preface; General Remarks; Chapter 1 Medicinal Gases - Manufacturing; 1.1 Where Do the Gases Come from?; 1.1.1 Gases Obtained from Air: Oxygen, Nitrogen, Argon, Xenon; 1.1.1.1 Oxygen; 1.1.1.2 Nitrogen; 1.1.1.3 Argon; 1.1.1.4 Xenon; 1.1.2 Gases Separated from Other Sources: Helium, Carbon Monoxide, Methane; 1.1.2.1 Helium; 1.1.2.2 Carbon Monoxide; 1.1.2.3 Methane; 1.1.3 Gases from Chemical Synthesis: Carbon Dioxide, Nitric Oxide, Nitrous Oxide; 1.1.3.1 Carbon Dioxide; 1.1.3.2 Nitric Oxide; 1.1.3.3 Nitrous Oxide; 1.1.4 Gas Mixtures for Inhalation
1.1.4.1 Reconstituted (Synthetic) Air1.1.4.2 Compressed Medical Air; 1.1.4.3 Nitrous Oxide 50 vol% in Oxygen; 1.1.4.4 Nitric Oxide Approximately 1000 ppm in Nitrogen; 1.1.4.5 Mixtures with the General Composition Carbon Monoxide, Helium in Synthetic Air (Carbon Monoxide Ranging between 0.2 and 0.3 vol%, Helium between 8 and 18 vol%); 1.1.4.6 Carbogen (5 vol% Carbon Dioxide in Oxygen); 1.1.5 Gas Mixtures for Reference - Calibration Gas Mixtures; Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels and Their Accessories; 2.1 Transportable Pressure Receptacles: Pressure Cylinders; 2.1.1 Seamless Steel Cylinders
2.1.2 Seamless Aluminum Cylinders2.1.2.1 Specifics of Aluminum Cylinders; 2.1.3 Welded Steel Vessels; 2.1.4 Lightweight Wrapped Steel or Aluminum Cylinders; 2.1.5 Pharmaceutical View on Cylinders as Containment for Drugs; 2.1.5.1 European Pharmacopoeia View on Cylinders as Containment for Drugs; 2.1.5.2 Inner and Outer Surfaces of Cylinders; 2.1.6 Accessories for Cylinders: Valves; 2.1.6.1 Accessories for Valves: Gaskets; 2.1.6.2 Valves with Integrated Residual Pressure/Nonreturn Cartridge (NRV/PRV); 2.1.6.3 Integrated Valves
2.2 Non-transportable Pressure Receptacles: Stationary (Pressure) Tanks for Cryogenic Liquids2.2.1 Safety Measures on Stationary Tanks; 2.2.2 European Pharmacopoeia View on Cryo-Tanks as Containment for Drugs; 2.2.3 Inner and Outer Surfaces of Cryo-Tanks; 2.2.4 Accessories for Cryo-Containers; 2.2.5 Choice of the Good Location for Tanks; 2.3 Medicinal Gas Pipeline Systems (MGPS); 2.3.1 Elements of a Medical Gas Pipeline System (MGPS); 2.3.1.1 Gas Terminal Units (Wall Sockets); 2.3.2 Tests and Checks before Going Onstream; 2.3.3 Operation of a Central Medical Supply System
2.3.4 Maintenance and Service, Pharmaceutical ViewChapter 3 Analytical Methods for Gases (as Described in Ph. Eur.); 3.1 Sampling; 3.1.1 Permanent Gases; 3.1.2 Gases Liquefied under Pressure; 3.1.3 Cryogenic Gases; 3.2 Gas Analytical Methods; 3.2.1 Infrared (IR-) Spectrometry; 3.2.1.1 Calibration; 3.2.2 Gas Chromatography (Lit); 3.2.2.1 Calibration; 3.2.3 Chemiluminescence; 3.2.3.1 Calibration; 3.2.4 Paramagnetic Measurement; 3.2.4.1 Calibration; 3.2.5 Moisture Measurement; 3.2.5.1 Calibration; 3.2.6 Fluorescence Analysis; 3.2.6.1 Calibration; 3.2.7 Test Tubes
Chapter 4 Monographs for Gases in the European and National Pharmacopoeias
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RT42 .M384 2015 (Browse shelf) http://uttyler.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=2089485 Available EBL2089485

Cover; Title Page; Copyright; Contents; Preface; General Remarks; Chapter 1 Medicinal Gases - Manufacturing; 1.1 Where Do the Gases Come from?; 1.1.1 Gases Obtained from Air: Oxygen, Nitrogen, Argon, Xenon; 1.1.1.1 Oxygen; 1.1.1.2 Nitrogen; 1.1.1.3 Argon; 1.1.1.4 Xenon; 1.1.2 Gases Separated from Other Sources: Helium, Carbon Monoxide, Methane; 1.1.2.1 Helium; 1.1.2.2 Carbon Monoxide; 1.1.2.3 Methane; 1.1.3 Gases from Chemical Synthesis: Carbon Dioxide, Nitric Oxide, Nitrous Oxide; 1.1.3.1 Carbon Dioxide; 1.1.3.2 Nitric Oxide; 1.1.3.3 Nitrous Oxide; 1.1.4 Gas Mixtures for Inhalation

1.1.4.1 Reconstituted (Synthetic) Air1.1.4.2 Compressed Medical Air; 1.1.4.3 Nitrous Oxide 50 vol% in Oxygen; 1.1.4.4 Nitric Oxide Approximately 1000 ppm in Nitrogen; 1.1.4.5 Mixtures with the General Composition Carbon Monoxide, Helium in Synthetic Air (Carbon Monoxide Ranging between 0.2 and 0.3 vol%, Helium between 8 and 18 vol%); 1.1.4.6 Carbogen (5 vol% Carbon Dioxide in Oxygen); 1.1.5 Gas Mixtures for Reference - Calibration Gas Mixtures; Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels and Their Accessories; 2.1 Transportable Pressure Receptacles: Pressure Cylinders; 2.1.1 Seamless Steel Cylinders

2.1.2 Seamless Aluminum Cylinders2.1.2.1 Specifics of Aluminum Cylinders; 2.1.3 Welded Steel Vessels; 2.1.4 Lightweight Wrapped Steel or Aluminum Cylinders; 2.1.5 Pharmaceutical View on Cylinders as Containment for Drugs; 2.1.5.1 European Pharmacopoeia View on Cylinders as Containment for Drugs; 2.1.5.2 Inner and Outer Surfaces of Cylinders; 2.1.6 Accessories for Cylinders: Valves; 2.1.6.1 Accessories for Valves: Gaskets; 2.1.6.2 Valves with Integrated Residual Pressure/Nonreturn Cartridge (NRV/PRV); 2.1.6.3 Integrated Valves

2.2 Non-transportable Pressure Receptacles: Stationary (Pressure) Tanks for Cryogenic Liquids2.2.1 Safety Measures on Stationary Tanks; 2.2.2 European Pharmacopoeia View on Cryo-Tanks as Containment for Drugs; 2.2.3 Inner and Outer Surfaces of Cryo-Tanks; 2.2.4 Accessories for Cryo-Containers; 2.2.5 Choice of the Good Location for Tanks; 2.3 Medicinal Gas Pipeline Systems (MGPS); 2.3.1 Elements of a Medical Gas Pipeline System (MGPS); 2.3.1.1 Gas Terminal Units (Wall Sockets); 2.3.2 Tests and Checks before Going Onstream; 2.3.3 Operation of a Central Medical Supply System

2.3.4 Maintenance and Service, Pharmaceutical ViewChapter 3 Analytical Methods for Gases (as Described in Ph. Eur.); 3.1 Sampling; 3.1.1 Permanent Gases; 3.1.2 Gases Liquefied under Pressure; 3.1.3 Cryogenic Gases; 3.2 Gas Analytical Methods; 3.2.1 Infrared (IR-) Spectrometry; 3.2.1.1 Calibration; 3.2.2 Gas Chromatography (Lit); 3.2.2.1 Calibration; 3.2.3 Chemiluminescence; 3.2.3.1 Calibration; 3.2.4 Paramagnetic Measurement; 3.2.4.1 Calibration; 3.2.5 Moisture Measurement; 3.2.5.1 Calibration; 3.2.6 Fluorescence Analysis; 3.2.6.1 Calibration; 3.2.7 Test Tubes

Chapter 4 Monographs for Gases in the European and National Pharmacopoeias

Description based upon print version of record.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Dr. Hartwig Muller is the Head of the Safety Department of AIR LIQUIDE Medical in Germany, a subsidiary of AIR LIQUIDE selling only medical gases and accessories. He received both his degree and doctorate in Chemistry from the Technical University of Berlin, Germany and spent more than 30 years in the gas industry, occupied with Specialty and Medical Gases and their analytics. He has been member of international working groups of the European Industrial Gas Association and an Expert to the European Pharmacopoeia Commission for Medical Gases.

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