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Profiling and criminal justice in America : a reference handbook / Jeff Bumgarner.

By: Bumgarner, Jeffrey B.
Material type: TextTextSeries: Contemporary world issues: Publisher: Santa Barbara, CA : ABC - CLIO ; 2015Edition: Second edition.Description: xiv, 377 pages ; 24 cm.Content type: text Media type: unmediated Carrier type: volumeISBN: 9781610698511; 1610698517; 1851094695; 9781851094691; 0851094694; 9780851094694.Subject(s): Criminal justice, Administration of -- United States | Racial profiling in law enforcement -- United StatesDDC classification: 363.2/308900973
Contents:
1. Background and history. Introduction ; Definitions ; Importance of studying criminal justice profiling ; The criminal justice system ;Profiling and political philosophy ; Pluralism: the American ideal ; Elitism: the American realty? ; Applications of criminal justice profiling ; Profiling by the police ; The origins of police institutions ; Slave patrols ; Emerging theories of crime and profiling ; Common police profiles ; The hijacker ; The serial killer ; Drug courier ; Proactive and reactive profiling ; Prosecutorial and judicial profiling -- 2. Problems, controversies, and solutions. Stereotyping and profiling ; Police discretion ; Charging decisions ; In court At sentencing ; Constitution and civil rights ; Pros and cons of criminal profiling ; Arguments against profiling ; Arguments for profiling ; Remedies ; Profiling after September 11 -- 3. Perspectives. On racial profiling / Thorvald O. Dahle ; Criminal behavioral profiling: a critical perspective / Penny R. Shtull ; Media influence on perceived offender-victim relationship / Paige Heinrich ; Going beyond "flying while Arab": Islamophobic profiling in the era of homeland security / Connie M. Koski ; Profiling as a positive intervention for managing people with mental illness in the criminal justice system / Pat Nelson ; Negative stereotypes, discrimination, poverty, and anger: the enduring factors leading to African Americans' overrepresentation in prison / Lauren Kientz Anderson ; Epidemic proportions: how person and environment combine in the overrepresentation of African Americans in the criminal justice system / Raphael Travis Jr. -- 4. Profiles. Personalities: Freda Adler (1933- ) ; Joe Arpaio (1932- ) ; Harry A. Blackmun (1908-1999) ; Julian Bond (1940- ) ; Henry Brown (1836-1913) ; Warren E. Burger (1907-1995) ; William J. Clinton (1946- ) ; Morris Dees (1936- ) ; John Douglas (1947- ) ; W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963) ; Franz Gall (1758-1828) ; Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933- ) ; Herman Goldstein (1931- ) ; John M. Harlan (1833-1911) ; Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) ; J. Edgar Hoover (1895-1972) ; Jesse Jackson (1941- ) ; Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) ; Rodney King (1965-2012) ; John Lewis (1940- ) ; Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) ; Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) ; Kweisi Mfume (1948- ) ; Rosa Parks (1913-2005) ; Lewis Powell (1907-1998) ; William H. Rehnquist (1924-2005) ; Janet Reno (1938- ) ; Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) ; Margaret Sanger (1879-1966) ; Antonin Scalia (1936- ) ; Al Sharpton (1954- ) ; Roger Taney (1777-1864) ; August Vollmer (1876-1955) ; Earl Warren (1891-1974) ; Ida B. Wells (1862-1931) ; Byron White (1917-2002) ; Christine Todd Whitman (1947- ) ; James Q. Wilson (1931-2012) ; O.W. Wilson (1900-1972) ; Organizations and agencies: Private organizations ; Federal government agencies ; State government agencies -- 5. Data and documents. Government documents ; Civil rights complaints in U.S. district court: 1990-2006 ; Confronting discrimination in the post-9/11 era: challenges and opportunities ten years later ; Contacts between the police and the public, 2008 ; Correctional populations in the United States, 2012 ; End Racial Profiling Act of 2013 ; Guidelines regarding the use of race by federal law enforcement agencies ; Immigration offenders in the federal justice system, 2010 ; Police behavior during traffic and street stops, 2011 ; Prisoners in 2011 ; Probation and parole in the United States, 2011 ; Protecting civil rights: a leadership guide for state, local, and tribal law ; Enforcement ; Protecting the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex individuals ; Protecting women's rights ; Racial profiling: legal and constitutional issues ; Racial profiling factsheet ; Key Supreme Court cases ; Documents, Korematsu v. United States 323 U.S. 214 (1994) ; Hoyt v. Florida, 368 U.S. 57 (1961) ; Delaware v. Prouse, 440 U.S. 648 (1979) ; Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U. LS. 79 (1986) ; United States v. Sokolow, 490 U.S. 1 (1989) ; Whren v. United States (1966) -- 6. Resources. Academic studies ; Books -- 7. Chronology.
Background and history -- Problems, controversies, and solutions -- Perspectives -- Profiles -- Data and documents -- Resources -- Chronology.
Summary: "Seven of ten African American men between the ages of 18 and 34 believe they have been victims of an insidious form of discrimination: racial profiling. Are they right? Or rather, is profiling a legitimate, fair, and effective law enforcement tool? This unique handbook examines the history behind racial, gender, and religious profiling, charts its guiding philosophies, surveys supporting legal doctrines and legislation, and presents the arguments pro and con. It focuses on profiling by police, prosecutors, and judges; federal and state civil rights laws; key legal cases and studies; and more. Whether one wishes to explore racial profiling by state troopers in New Jersey, the identification of serial killers by the FBI, or the screening of potential terrorists by airport security, this is the book to consult. Features: Includes a chronology of key events in American criminal justice including discussions of key court cases, developments in criminal procedure, the development of sentencing guidelines, civil rights milestones, and examples of court-sanctioned profiling such as the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II; Includes brief biographies of key people such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Douglas, Jesse Jackson, and Janet Reno."--Publisher's website.
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Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode
Book University of Texas At Tyler
Stacks - 3rd Floor
HV9950 .B86 2015 (Browse shelf) Available 0000002098929

Includes bibliographical references and index.

1. Background and history. Introduction ; Definitions ; Importance of studying criminal justice profiling ; The criminal justice system ;Profiling and political philosophy ; Pluralism: the American ideal ; Elitism: the American realty? ; Applications of criminal justice profiling ; Profiling by the police ; The origins of police institutions ; Slave patrols ; Emerging theories of crime and profiling ; Common police profiles ; The hijacker ; The serial killer ; Drug courier ; Proactive and reactive profiling ; Prosecutorial and judicial profiling -- 2. Problems, controversies, and solutions. Stereotyping and profiling ; Police discretion ; Charging decisions ; In court At sentencing ; Constitution and civil rights ; Pros and cons of criminal profiling ; Arguments against profiling ; Arguments for profiling ; Remedies ; Profiling after September 11 -- 3. Perspectives. On racial profiling / Thorvald O. Dahle ; Criminal behavioral profiling: a critical perspective / Penny R. Shtull ; Media influence on perceived offender-victim relationship / Paige Heinrich ; Going beyond "flying while Arab": Islamophobic profiling in the era of homeland security / Connie M. Koski ; Profiling as a positive intervention for managing people with mental illness in the criminal justice system / Pat Nelson ; Negative stereotypes, discrimination, poverty, and anger: the enduring factors leading to African Americans' overrepresentation in prison / Lauren Kientz Anderson ; Epidemic proportions: how person and environment combine in the overrepresentation of African Americans in the criminal justice system / Raphael Travis Jr. -- 4. Profiles. Personalities: Freda Adler (1933- ) ; Joe Arpaio (1932- ) ; Harry A. Blackmun (1908-1999) ; Julian Bond (1940- ) ; Henry Brown (1836-1913) ; Warren E. Burger (1907-1995) ; William J. Clinton (1946- ) ; Morris Dees (1936- ) ; John Douglas (1947- ) ; W.E.B. DuBois (1868-1963) ; Franz Gall (1758-1828) ; Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933- ) ; Herman Goldstein (1931- ) ; John M. Harlan (1833-1911) ; Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) ; J. Edgar Hoover (1895-1972) ; Jesse Jackson (1941- ) ; Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) ; Rodney King (1965-2012) ; John Lewis (1940- ) ; Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) ; Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) ; Kweisi Mfume (1948- ) ; Rosa Parks (1913-2005) ; Lewis Powell (1907-1998) ; William H. Rehnquist (1924-2005) ; Janet Reno (1938- ) ; Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) ; Margaret Sanger (1879-1966) ; Antonin Scalia (1936- ) ; Al Sharpton (1954- ) ; Roger Taney (1777-1864) ; August Vollmer (1876-1955) ; Earl Warren (1891-1974) ; Ida B. Wells (1862-1931) ; Byron White (1917-2002) ; Christine Todd Whitman (1947- ) ; James Q. Wilson (1931-2012) ; O.W. Wilson (1900-1972) ; Organizations and agencies: Private organizations ; Federal government agencies ; State government agencies -- 5. Data and documents. Government documents ; Civil rights complaints in U.S. district court: 1990-2006 ; Confronting discrimination in the post-9/11 era: challenges and opportunities ten years later ; Contacts between the police and the public, 2008 ; Correctional populations in the United States, 2012 ; End Racial Profiling Act of 2013 ; Guidelines regarding the use of race by federal law enforcement agencies ; Immigration offenders in the federal justice system, 2010 ; Police behavior during traffic and street stops, 2011 ; Prisoners in 2011 ; Probation and parole in the United States, 2011 ; Protecting civil rights: a leadership guide for state, local, and tribal law ; Enforcement ; Protecting the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex individuals ; Protecting women's rights ; Racial profiling: legal and constitutional issues ; Racial profiling factsheet ; Key Supreme Court cases ; Documents, Korematsu v. United States 323 U.S. 214 (1994) ; Hoyt v. Florida, 368 U.S. 57 (1961) ; Delaware v. Prouse, 440 U.S. 648 (1979) ; Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U. LS. 79 (1986) ; United States v. Sokolow, 490 U.S. 1 (1989) ; Whren v. United States (1966) -- 6. Resources. Academic studies ; Books -- 7. Chronology.

Background and history -- Problems, controversies, and solutions -- Perspectives -- Profiles -- Data and documents -- Resources -- Chronology.

"Seven of ten African American men between the ages of 18 and 34 believe they have been victims of an insidious form of discrimination: racial profiling. Are they right? Or rather, is profiling a legitimate, fair, and effective law enforcement tool? This unique handbook examines the history behind racial, gender, and religious profiling, charts its guiding philosophies, surveys supporting legal doctrines and legislation, and presents the arguments pro and con. It focuses on profiling by police, prosecutors, and judges; federal and state civil rights laws; key legal cases and studies; and more. Whether one wishes to explore racial profiling by state troopers in New Jersey, the identification of serial killers by the FBI, or the screening of potential terrorists by airport security, this is the book to consult. Features: Includes a chronology of key events in American criminal justice including discussions of key court cases, developments in criminal procedure, the development of sentencing guidelines, civil rights milestones, and examples of court-sanctioned profiling such as the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II; Includes brief biographies of key people such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Douglas, Jesse Jackson, and Janet Reno."--Publisher's website.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

Before September 11, 2001, most Americans who were neither members of a minority group nor employed in law enforcement did not encounter racial profiling. Now, however, all are acutely aware of profiling and its consequences. Emblematic of this preoccupation is the publication of new volumes in the "Contemporary World Issues" and "Library in a Book" series. Bumgarner (political science/law enforcement, Minnesota State Univ., Mankato) offers a balanced introduction to the use of race, ethnicity, and other characteristics to identify and punish lawbreakers, but delivers much more. He investigates profiling in context as a complex issue with a long history; discusses legal, political, social, economic, and philosophical implications for police, prosecutors, and judges; and advances well-reasoned arguments on both sides. Information on the use of profiling in antiterrorism is especially useful. Pampel (sociology, Univ. of Colorado) employs a narrower focus, concentrating on profiling by race, ethnicity, and national origin in law enforcement settings, but he provides generous amounts of objective background, including a brief history of profiling, its role in community policing, the case for and against its use, its legal, economic, and psychological costs, remedies for victims, and efforts to end it at the federal and state level. All this is enhanced by a detailed, practical guide to researching racial profiling. Common to both books are such valuable elements as a chronology, biographical sketches, a glossary, an annotated bibliography of print and nonprint resources, a list of organizations and agencies, and relevant court cases and statutes. Similar in approach and tone, both are suitable for all libraries. ^BSumming Up: Both recommended. Academic libraries might prefer Bumgarner, public libraries Pampel. M. C. Duhig Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh

Author notes provided by Syndetics

<p> Jeff Bumgarner , PhD, is a professor in and department head of the Criminal Justice and Political Science department at North Dakota State University.</p>

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