Transatlantic Space Politics : Competition and Cooperation Above the Clouds.
By: Wang, Sheng-Chih.Material type: TextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Space Power and Politics: Publisher: Abingdon, Oxon : Taylor and Francis, 2013Copyright date: ©2013Description: 1 online resource (232 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781134116904.Subject(s): Astronautics -- International cooperation | Astronautics and state -- European Union countries | Astronautics and state -- United States | European Space Agency | National security -- European Union countries | National security -- United States | United States. -- National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Transatlantic Space Politics : Competition and Cooperation Above the CloudsDDC classification: 616.8914 LOC classification: TL789.8.U5 -- W36 2013Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
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Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Table of Contents -- Acknowledgements -- List of Abbreviations -- 1. Introduction: The Multi-Faceted Transatlantic Space Politics -- Problematic Regulatory Effect of the Transatlantic Security Community on Transatlantic Space Politics -- Arguments -- Case Selection -- The Structure of the Book -- Notes -- 2. History Matters: Space Policy Evolution in the United States and Europe -- Physical Attributes of the Space Environment and the Political Essence of Space Technology and Space Activity -- Space Environment: Physically Infinite, with Limited Available Resources -- Space Technology and Space Activity: Instruments to Acquire Space Resources and Embodiment of International Politics -- Evolution of the US Space Policy -- The Cold War Period: Leadership of the Alliance -- The Post-Cold War Era: Space Dominance -- Evolution of the European Space Policy -- Years of ELDO and ESRO: Period of Disarray -- Years of the ESA: Coherence toward Autonomy/Independence -- Notes -- 3. Cutting the Umbilical Cord: Transatlantic Competition in the Field of Space Transportation -- Development of the US Launch Vehicles: A Declining Monopoly -- The Development of Expendable Launch Vehicles -- The Space Shuttle Decision -- Development of the European Launch Vehicles: Phoenix Revived from the Ashes -- The Fiasco of the Europa Launcher -- Success of the the Ariane Launcher -- Transatlantic Competition -- Causal Mechanism of the Case -- Limits of Alternative Explanations: Security Community, Security Dependence, and Declining Hegemon -- Neoliberal Institutionalism versus the Realist Offense-Defense Balance -- Notes -- 4. Springboard to Lunar and Solar Space:Transatlantic Cooperation in the International Space Station Program.
The US Decision on the Space Station: Budgetary Stringency versus Visions in Space -- NASA's Incremental Strategy -- Invitation to Foreign Partners -- European Rumination: Vigilant about Benefits and Risks -- Early Reflections -- Reflections after Russia Stepped In -- Crises during the Period of Transatlantic Cooperation -- Causal Mechanism of the Case -- Limits of Alternative Explanations: Security Community, Ideological Conflict, and the Realist Offense-Defense Balance -- Hegemonic Stability Theory Versus Neoliberal Institutionalism -- Notes -- 5. Europe Opens Its Eyes: Transatlantic Dispute in the Field of Satellite Navigation -- The US Global Positioning System: A Strategic Space Asset with a Military Origin -- The European Galileo Satellite Navigation System: Rising Demand for Autonomous Security Assurance -- Strategy Shift during the Transatlantic Dispute -- The Competition Phase -- Turning to Cooperation -- Causal Mechanism of the Case -- Limits of Alternative Explanations: Security Community, Security Dependence, and the Realist Alliance Theory -- Hegemonic Stability Theory Versus Neoliberal Institutionalism -- Notes -- 6. Dual-Space Dominance versus Autonomy in Space: Developing Cases of Transatlantic Space Politics -- The US Vision for Space Exploration: Attempt at Dual-Space Dominance -- The European Global Monitoring for Environment and Security: Consolidating Autonomy in Space -- Causal Mechanism of the Cases -- Notes -- 7. Conclusion: Thinking beyond the Canopy -- Alliance above the Clouds: A Synthetic Analysis of the Empirical Case Studies -- Political Autonomy, Pivotal Positions/Markets, and Classical Geopolitics in Space -- Flexible Balance of Strategic Interests and Marginalization of Ideological Conflict and Security Dependence -- Congruence between Theoretical Expectations and Empirical Evidence.
Interaction Process According to Realism: Expedient Alliance and Offense-Defense Balance to Promote Security -- Interaction Process According to Hegemonic Stability Theory: Importance of Allies and Influence of Hegemon's Power and Resources -- Interaction Process According to Neoliberal Institutionalism: Mixed-Motive Situation and Institutional Arrangement to Maximize Utility -- Concluding Remarks -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index.
This book examines transatlantic politics through an analysis of 60 years of US-European strategic interaction in space. The significance of space politics for the study of transatlantic relations receives surprisingly little scholarly attention. As a theatre of interaction, transatlantic space politics reflects the vicissitudes of European and US power in the international system. An understanding of space politics is therefore vital in understanding the status and prospect of the transatlantic order. Using established IR theories, the author investigates transatlantic space politics and proposes a theoretical explanation, which is distinct from the conventional wisdom of the transatlantic security community. More specifically, he distinguishes between the constitutive and regulatory effects of the transatlantic security community, an approach rarely employed in other research in the field. Overall, this book suggests not only that the transatlantic institutional pillar requires repair, but also that the ideational factors need to be revitalised in order to consolidate the transatlantic alliance. This book will be of much interest to students of space power, transatlantic politics, strategic studies, foreign policy and IR/security studies in general.
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