Transforming Urban Economies : Policy Lessons from European and Asian Cities.
By: Colantonio, Andrea.
Contributor(s): Burdett, Richard | Rode, Philipp.Material type: TextSeries: eBooks on Demand.LSE Cities: Publisher: Florence : Taylor and Francis, 2013Copyright date: ©2014Description: 1 online resource (442 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781134622160.Subject(s): International relationsGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Transforming Urban Economies : Policy Lessons from European and Asian CitiesDDC classification: 510.1 LOC classification: D443Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
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Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- List of figures -- List of tables -- List of boxes -- Notes on authors -- Foreword -- Acknowledgements -- Barcelona -- Turin -- Munich -- Seoul -- Production and editing -- Additional research -- Part I: Transforming urban economies -- 1. Introduction -- Background and context -- Case-study selection -- Aims and methodology -- Structure -- References -- 2. Overview of main theoretical debates -- Introduction -- Cities and globalisation -- Emerging urban-governance structures -- Approaches to local economic development -- Quality of life and sustainability as key drivers for growth -- Conclusion -- References -- Part II: Twenty years of urban and economic transformation: learning from European and Asian cities -- 3. Barcelona: global repositioning of an emerging metropolis -- Introduction -- Barcelona's transformation -- Urban and metropolitan context -- Physical and political geography -- Economic history -- Problems and opportunities -- Policies, programmes and projects -- Approach -- Institutional framework and governance -- Interventions -- Sustained and strategic investment in connectivity infrastructure -- The development of the Port of Barcelona -- The expansion of the Barcelona El Prat airport -- The introduction of high-speed rail -- International promotion and branding -- The redevelopment of metropolitan and urban fabric for the knowledge economy -- Developing entrepreneurialism and exports through city and regional programmes -- Barcelona Activa - promoting entrepreneurship -- COPCA (ACC1Ó) - supporting internationalisation -- Barcelona Chamber of Commerce - developing exports -- Results of the transformation process -- Economic success at the city level -- Economic success in the next urban economy.
Capacity and competitiveness in strategic connectivity infrastructure -- International reputation and attractiveness -- Strength in exports -- Entrepreneurial Barcelona -- The global economic crisis and the future -- The future for Barcelona - towards metropolitan governance -- Conclusions -- List of interviewees -- Interviews conducted in Barcelona, July 2010 -- Notes -- References -- 4. Turin: reclaiming and diversifying local economic strengths -- Introduction -- Turin's transformation -- Urban and metropolitan context -- Physical and political geography -- Economic history -- The problem -- Policies, programmes and projects to transform the urban economy -- Approach -- Institutional framework and governance -- The creation of new local development agencies -- Attracting investment through city-region collaboration -- Interventions -- Reclaiming industrial areas for the new economy -- Bridging the gap between universities, businesses and private capital -- Politecnico di Torino -- The bank foundations -- Steering growth towards new economic sectors -- Supporting firms into new sectors and new international markets -- Promoting Turin's international profile through mega-events -- Results of the transformation process -- Economic success at the city level -- Economic success in the next urban economy -- Innovation -- Diversification into new economic sectors, including tourism, design and aerospace -- Attraction of tourists and foreign students -- From the auto sector to transport, advanced machinery and environmental services -- Design -- Aerospace and defence -- Exports and internationalisation -- The global economic crisis and the future -- Special Employment Plan and the Multi-Year Competitiveness Plan -- Conclusions -- List of interviewees -- Interviews conducted in Turin, July 2010 -- References -- 5. Munich: staying ahead on innovation.
Introduction -- Munich's transformation -- Urban and metropolitan context -- Geography -- Economic history -- Problems and opportunities -- Policies, programmes and projects to transform the urban economy -- Approach -- Institutional framework and governance -- Actors -- Moving forward -- Interventions -- The Future Bavaria Initiative (1994-99) -- Fostering the internationalisation of the Bavarian economy -- The High-Tech Initiative (1999-2006) -- The Cluster Initiative -- Federal support -- Results of the transformation process -- Economic success at the city level -- Economic success in the next urban economy -- Economic diversity and high-value firms -- Critical public investments -- Strong and agile institutions -- Wider issues -- The global economic crisis and the future -- Conclusions -- List of interviewees -- Interviews conducted in Munich, July and August 2010 -- Participants in Munich Workshop, July 2010, in partnership with Faculty for Architecture at Technical University Munich -- Notes -- References -- 6. Seoul: successful restructuring towards a knowledge-based economy -- Introduction -- Seoul's transformation -- Urban and metropolitan context -- Geography -- Economic history -- The problem -- Policies, programmes and projects to transform the urban economy -- Approach -- Institutional framework and governance -- National industrial policy -- Semiconductor industry promotion policy in the 1970s -- TFT-LCD (Thin Film Transistor-Liquid Crystal Display) industry-promotion policy in the 1990s -- ICT-related venture business promotion policy in the 2000s -- National spatial policy -- Industrial Placement Act (Ministry of Government Legislation, 2010a) -- Capital Region Management Planning Act (Ministry of Government Legislation, 2010b) -- Balanced National Development policy -- Interventions.
Seoul Mayor Oh Se-hoon's Creative City Policy in the 2000s -- Gyeonggi Governor, Kim Moon-Soo's deregulation policy in the 2000s -- Results of the transformation process -- Economic success at the city level -- Economic success in the next urban economy -- Restructuring towards high-tech manufacturing in the 1980s -- Shift towards service-oriented economy and ICT specialisation in the 1990s -- Globally competitive, high-tech R&D and manufacturing clusters -- The crisis and the future -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Part III: Concluding perspectives -- 7. Policy lessons from EU and Asian cities -- Introduction -- Active, aligned and intentional government with private-sector and institutional partnership -- Internationalisation, global positioning and trade -- Knowledge economy, innovation-based entrepreneurship and modernisation of manufacturing -- Strong links between human capital and building attractive, distinctive cities -- Green economy, resource efficiency and low carbon -- Conclusions -- Appendix: notes on the selection of case-study cities -- Stage 1: Application of quantitative criteria -- Stage 2: Application of qualitative criteria -- Stage 3: Validation of prospective cities through interviews with experts and final selection -- Index.
Cities house the majority of the world's population and are the dynamic centres of 21st century life, at the heart of economic, social and environmental change. They are still beset by difficult problems but often demonstrate resilience in the face of regional and national economic decline. Faced by the combined threats of globalisation and world recession, cities and their metropolitan regions have had to fight hard to maintain their global competitiveness and protect the quality of life of urban residents Transforming Urban Economies: Policy Lessons from European and Asian Cities, the first in an ongoing series of research volumes by LSE Cities, provides insights in how cities can respond positively to these challenges. The fine-grained and authoritative analysis of how Barcelona, Turin, Munich and Seoul have been transformed in the last 20 years examines comparative patterns of decline, adaptation and recovery of cities that have successfully managed to transform their economies in the face of economic hardship. This in-depth and practical analysis is aimed at urban leaders, designers, planners, policymakers and scholars who want to understand the dynamics of economic resilience while cities are still suffering from the aftershocks of the 2008 recession. The book highlights the importance of aligned and multi-level governance, the need for strategic public investments and the role of the private sector, universities and foundations in leading and guiding complex processes of urban recovery in an increasingly uncertain age.
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