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Invited Lectures : Proceedings of the Third Congress of the European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, August 31-September 3, 1981, Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands.

By: Addink, A. D. F.
Contributor(s): Spronk, N.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Kent : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2013Copyright date: ©2011Description: 1 online resource (435 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781483190303.Subject(s): Biological control systems -- Congresses | Metabolism -- Regulation -- Congresses | Neurotrophic functions -- CongressesGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Invited Lectures : Proceedings of the Third Congress of the European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, August 31-September 3, 1981, Noordwijkerhout, NetherlandsDDC classification: 591 LOC classification: QP171 -- .E97 1981Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Front Cover -- Invited Lectures -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Chapter 1. The Origin of Physiology -- INTRODUCTION -- I. THE ORIGIN OF PHYSIOLOGY AS A SCIENCE -- II. THE ORIGIN OF PHYSIOLOGY AS A SCIENTIFIC PHENOMENON -- Chapter 2. Reflections on Comparative Physiology -- What is comparative physiology? -- The origin of the prefix 'comparative' -- "Comparative" in other fields of learning -- Comparative physiology in modern biology and its perspectives -- References -- PART 1: FEEDING -- Chapter 3. Regulation of Food Intake by Phytophagous Insects -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- CONTROL OF FOOD INTAKE -- REGULATION OF MEAL SIZE -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 4. Food Intake Regulation in the Rat -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- CONSTRAINTS IMPOSED ON THE REGULATION: THE INFLUENCE OF THE LIGHT-DARK CYCLE -- VARIATION IN INTAKE AND IN DESIRED WEIGHT LEVEL -- PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 5. Drinking as a Factor of Hydromineral Regulation -- 1. PHYSIOLOGICAL STIMULI OF DRINKING -- 2. RECEPTORS -- 3. INTEGRATORY CENTERS -- 4. NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY OF THIRST -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- Chapter 6. Comparative Aspects of Digestion in Nonruminant Herbivores -- INTRODUCTION -- ECOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF FOOD INTAKE AND DIGESTION -- BODY SIZE -- FUNCTIONS OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 7. Applied Aspects of Food Intake and its Regulation -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- GENERAL CONDITIONS WITH GROWING ANIMALS -- PROBLEMS WITH GROWING PIGS -- PROBLEMS OF DAIRY COWS -- REFERENCES -- PART 2: RESPIRATION -- Chapter 8. A Respiration Physiologist's Approach to Comparative Physiology -- Chapter 9. Intraspecific Adaptation of Hemoglobin Function in Fish to Oxygen Availability -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- ADAPTATIONAL RESPONSES.
A. CAPACITY RESPONSES -- B. O2 AFFINITY RESPONSES -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 10. Respiration during Flight and Diving in Birds -- INTRODUCTION -- FLIGHT -- DIVING -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 11. Diffusion in Gas Exchange of Vertebrates -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- PHYSICAL BACKGROUND -- GAS TRANSPORT IN SPECIALIZED GAS EXCHANGE ORGANS -- APPLICATION TO SELECTED GAS EXCHANGE ORGANS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 12. Neural Control of Respiration in Fishes and Mammals -- INTRODUCTION -- LOCALISATION OF THE 'RESPIRATORY CENTRE' -- GENERATION OF THE RESPIRATORY RHYTHM -- THE CONTROL OF RESPIRATORY MUSCLE CONTRACTION -- INTERACTION OF RESPIRATION WITH OTHER SYSTEMS -- COMPARISON -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 13. Lung Function in Active Smokers -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- PATHOLOGY -- PHYSIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- PART 3: REPRODUCTION -- Chapter 14. The Role of Hormones in Control of Reproduction in Vertebrates: Case Stories and Generalizations -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- CASE STORIES -- GENERALIZATIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 15. New Concepts in Endocrine Control of Vitellogenesis and in Functioning of the Ovary in Insects -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- PARALLELS IN THE ENDOCRINOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION IN INSECTS AND EGG-LAYING VERTEBRATES -- THE INSECT MEROISTIC OVARY AS A POWERFUL MINIATURE ELECTROPHORESIS CHAMBER. THE ROLE AND MODE OF ACTION OF HORMONES -- SELF ELECTROPHORESIS: AN OVERLOOKED FACTOR IN THE CONTROL OF GENE EXPRESSION? -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- Chapter 16. Vitellogenesis and Hepatic Metabolism in Flounder -- ABSTRACT -- KEY WORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- VITELLOGENESIS AND MACROMOLECULAR SYNTHESIS IN LIVER IN NATURE.
EFFECT OF EXOGEN ESTRADIOL ON VITELLOGENIN, DNA, RNA, LIPID AND CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM IN MALE FLOUNDERS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 17. Extrinsic Control of Endocrines in the Regulation of Reproductive Functions of Insects -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Endocrine Impact on Insect Reproduction -- 3. The Impact of Feeding and Nutrition -- 4. Impact of Photoperiod and Temperature -- 5. The Special Case of the Colorado Potato Beetle -- 6. The Effects of Social and Sexual Partners -- 7. Pheromones in the Synchronization with the Sexual Partner -- 8. The Freedom in the Endocrine-Reproductive Correlations -- 9. The Freedom in the Endocrine-Environmental Correlations -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 18. Embryo in vitro in Animal Husbandry -- SUMMARY -- INTRODUCTION -- APPLICATIONS -- TECHNICAL ASPECTS -- SUPEROVULATION IN CATTLE -- ASEXUAL MULTIPLICATION -- OOCYTE MATURATION IN VITRO -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- PART 4: ACTIVITY AND ENERGY SUPPLY IN MUSCLES -- Chapter 19. Activity and Energy Supply in Muscles: Introduction -- Chapter 20. Metabolic Regulation of Energy Metabolism -- Introduction -- (1) Aerobic versus anaerobic pathways -- (2) Respiration and energy metabolism in Sipunculus nudus -- (3) Control elements of aerobic and anaerobic pathways -- Chapter 21. Resources and Substrate Transport -- Storage Forms of Energy -- Mobilization and Transport of Energy Reserves -- Substrate Mobilization from Fat Body -- Transport of Substrates in Haemolymph -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 22. Energy Production in the Muscle Tissues of Different Kinds of Molluscs -- INTRODUCTION -- SOURCES OF ENERGY AND CATABOLIC PROCESSES -- PATHWAYS OF ANAEROBIC METABOLISM AND THEIR ENERGETIC CHARACTERISTICS AND DISTRIBUTION IN THE MOLLUSCA.
UTILIZATION OF PHOSPHOARGININE AND THE ANAEROBIC PATHWAYS IN ECOLOGICAL ADAPTATION BY THE MAJOR MOLLUSCAN FORMS -- EVOLUTIONARY CONSIDERATIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 23. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors in the Differentiation of Vertebrate Skeletal Muscles -- INTRODUCTION -- Chapter 24. Short-term and Persistent Metabolic Changes as Induced by Exercise -- Contractile and metabolic properties of muscle fibers -- Adaptations with training -- The anaerobic power during isometric contractions -- Recovery from a 15 seconds exercise -- Training experiments -- Comparison of anaerobic metabolism between young and adult untrained rats -- REFERENCES -- PART 5: ION AND OSMOREGULATION -- Chapter 25. Cell Volume Maintenance and Regulation in Eukaryotes: Overview and Perspectives -- Osmotic regulation of the extracellular fluid -- Osmotic regulation of the intracellular fluid -- Chapter 26. Goals of Ionic Regulation -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 27. On the Functional Significance of Ion Circulation Induced by Electrogenic Transport -- AN ELECTROGENIC TRANSPORT -- IMPLICATIONS OF THE ELECTROGENIC TRANSPORT -- THE EPIDERMAL SENSILLA OF INSECTS -- THE POSTERIOR RECTUM OF LEPISMATIDAE -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 28. Cell Volume Regulatory Processes in Lower Vertebrates -- 1. Reactions Of Xenopus Laevis To Osmotic Stress -- 2. Reactions Of Carp And Tilapia On Altered External Salinity -- 3. Reactions of Carp And Tilapia To Urea Or Mannitol -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 29. Hormones and Osmoregulation: Endocrine Involvement in Calcium Regulation in Teleosts -- INTRODUCTION -- GENERAL PICTURE -- CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS IN MAMMALS -- CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS IN FISH -- ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS INVOLVED IN FISH CALCIUM REGULATION -- COMPLICATING FACTORS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 30. Osmotic Aspects in Artificial Kidney Dialysis -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION.
FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEY -- URAEMIA -- DIALYSATE COMPOSITION -- DIALYSIS DYSEQUILIBRIUM SYNDROME -- ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS FOR THE DYSEQUILIBRIUM SYNDROME -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- PART 6: PERCEPTION AND ORIENTATION -- Chapter 31. Perception and Orientation: Introduction -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 32. Environmental Features and Orientation -- ORIENTATION: A COMPONENT OF BEHAVIOUR -- NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT -- ADAPTIVE AND MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOUR -- THE SPATIAL PROPERTIES OF THE OPTIC ENVIRONMENT -- THE NATURE, FUNCTIONING, AND DISFUNCTIONING OF OPTIC ORIENTATION SYSTEMS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 33. The Interplay of Substrate, Gravity and Optokinetic Orientation in Spiny Lobsters (Palinurus vulgaris) -- METHODS -- SUBSTRATE INPUT AND COMPENSATORY EYE MOVEMENTS -- SUBSTRATE STIMULATION AND CONTRIBUTION OF LEFT AND RIGHT LEGS -- LEG STIMULATION AND CONTRIBUTION OF JOINTS -- THE INTERACTION OF GRAVITY AND SUBSTRATE INPUT -- THE OPTOKINETIC INPUT INTERACTS WITH GRAVITY AND SUBSTRATE INPUT -- INFLUENCE OF IRRADIANCE ON SUBSTRATE AND OPTOKINETIC REACTIONS -- THE COUNTERFORCE OUTPUT OF THE LEGS -- LIST OF REFERENCES -- Chapter 34. The Orientation and Evasive Behavior of Insects to Bat Cries -- ABSTRACT -- KEY WORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- BATS AS PREDATORS -- THE ANTI-BAT STRATEGIES OF INSECTS -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 35. Disorders in Space Orientation -- Normal pigeons -- One sided labyrinthectomy -- Bilateral labyrinthectomy -- One sided lesion of a horizontal canal -- Bilateral lesions of the horizontal canals -- One sided lesion of a vertical canal -- References -- AUTHOR INDEX -- SUBJECT INDEX.
Summary: Exogenous and Endogenous Influences on Metabolic and Neural Control, Volume 1: Invited Lectures covers the proceedings of the Third Congress of the European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. The book presents 35 papers that cover various aspects in the control of physiological activities in animals. The text first details the origin of physiology and comparative physiology. Next, the book covers papers that deal with different physiological systems, which include feeding, respiration, reproduction, osmoregulation, and perception. The text will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of biology, biochemistry, medicine.
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QP171 -- .E97 1981 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1598190 Available EBC1598190

Front Cover -- Invited Lectures -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Chapter 1. The Origin of Physiology -- INTRODUCTION -- I. THE ORIGIN OF PHYSIOLOGY AS A SCIENCE -- II. THE ORIGIN OF PHYSIOLOGY AS A SCIENTIFIC PHENOMENON -- Chapter 2. Reflections on Comparative Physiology -- What is comparative physiology? -- The origin of the prefix 'comparative' -- "Comparative" in other fields of learning -- Comparative physiology in modern biology and its perspectives -- References -- PART 1: FEEDING -- Chapter 3. Regulation of Food Intake by Phytophagous Insects -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- CONTROL OF FOOD INTAKE -- REGULATION OF MEAL SIZE -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 4. Food Intake Regulation in the Rat -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- CONSTRAINTS IMPOSED ON THE REGULATION: THE INFLUENCE OF THE LIGHT-DARK CYCLE -- VARIATION IN INTAKE AND IN DESIRED WEIGHT LEVEL -- PHYSIOLOGICAL MECHANISMS -- CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 5. Drinking as a Factor of Hydromineral Regulation -- 1. PHYSIOLOGICAL STIMULI OF DRINKING -- 2. RECEPTORS -- 3. INTEGRATORY CENTERS -- 4. NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY OF THIRST -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- Chapter 6. Comparative Aspects of Digestion in Nonruminant Herbivores -- INTRODUCTION -- ECOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF FOOD INTAKE AND DIGESTION -- BODY SIZE -- FUNCTIONS OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 7. Applied Aspects of Food Intake and its Regulation -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- GENERAL CONDITIONS WITH GROWING ANIMALS -- PROBLEMS WITH GROWING PIGS -- PROBLEMS OF DAIRY COWS -- REFERENCES -- PART 2: RESPIRATION -- Chapter 8. A Respiration Physiologist's Approach to Comparative Physiology -- Chapter 9. Intraspecific Adaptation of Hemoglobin Function in Fish to Oxygen Availability -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- ADAPTATIONAL RESPONSES.

A. CAPACITY RESPONSES -- B. O2 AFFINITY RESPONSES -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 10. Respiration during Flight and Diving in Birds -- INTRODUCTION -- FLIGHT -- DIVING -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 11. Diffusion in Gas Exchange of Vertebrates -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- PHYSICAL BACKGROUND -- GAS TRANSPORT IN SPECIALIZED GAS EXCHANGE ORGANS -- APPLICATION TO SELECTED GAS EXCHANGE ORGANS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 12. Neural Control of Respiration in Fishes and Mammals -- INTRODUCTION -- LOCALISATION OF THE 'RESPIRATORY CENTRE' -- GENERATION OF THE RESPIRATORY RHYTHM -- THE CONTROL OF RESPIRATORY MUSCLE CONTRACTION -- INTERACTION OF RESPIRATION WITH OTHER SYSTEMS -- COMPARISON -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 13. Lung Function in Active Smokers -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- PATHOLOGY -- PHYSIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- PART 3: REPRODUCTION -- Chapter 14. The Role of Hormones in Control of Reproduction in Vertebrates: Case Stories and Generalizations -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- CASE STORIES -- GENERALIZATIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 15. New Concepts in Endocrine Control of Vitellogenesis and in Functioning of the Ovary in Insects -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- PARALLELS IN THE ENDOCRINOLOGY OF REPRODUCTION IN INSECTS AND EGG-LAYING VERTEBRATES -- THE INSECT MEROISTIC OVARY AS A POWERFUL MINIATURE ELECTROPHORESIS CHAMBER. THE ROLE AND MODE OF ACTION OF HORMONES -- SELF ELECTROPHORESIS: AN OVERLOOKED FACTOR IN THE CONTROL OF GENE EXPRESSION? -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- Chapter 16. Vitellogenesis and Hepatic Metabolism in Flounder -- ABSTRACT -- KEY WORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- VITELLOGENESIS AND MACROMOLECULAR SYNTHESIS IN LIVER IN NATURE.

EFFECT OF EXOGEN ESTRADIOL ON VITELLOGENIN, DNA, RNA, LIPID AND CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM IN MALE FLOUNDERS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 17. Extrinsic Control of Endocrines in the Regulation of Reproductive Functions of Insects -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Endocrine Impact on Insect Reproduction -- 3. The Impact of Feeding and Nutrition -- 4. Impact of Photoperiod and Temperature -- 5. The Special Case of the Colorado Potato Beetle -- 6. The Effects of Social and Sexual Partners -- 7. Pheromones in the Synchronization with the Sexual Partner -- 8. The Freedom in the Endocrine-Reproductive Correlations -- 9. The Freedom in the Endocrine-Environmental Correlations -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 18. Embryo in vitro in Animal Husbandry -- SUMMARY -- INTRODUCTION -- APPLICATIONS -- TECHNICAL ASPECTS -- SUPEROVULATION IN CATTLE -- ASEXUAL MULTIPLICATION -- OOCYTE MATURATION IN VITRO -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- PART 4: ACTIVITY AND ENERGY SUPPLY IN MUSCLES -- Chapter 19. Activity and Energy Supply in Muscles: Introduction -- Chapter 20. Metabolic Regulation of Energy Metabolism -- Introduction -- (1) Aerobic versus anaerobic pathways -- (2) Respiration and energy metabolism in Sipunculus nudus -- (3) Control elements of aerobic and anaerobic pathways -- Chapter 21. Resources and Substrate Transport -- Storage Forms of Energy -- Mobilization and Transport of Energy Reserves -- Substrate Mobilization from Fat Body -- Transport of Substrates in Haemolymph -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 22. Energy Production in the Muscle Tissues of Different Kinds of Molluscs -- INTRODUCTION -- SOURCES OF ENERGY AND CATABOLIC PROCESSES -- PATHWAYS OF ANAEROBIC METABOLISM AND THEIR ENERGETIC CHARACTERISTICS AND DISTRIBUTION IN THE MOLLUSCA.

UTILIZATION OF PHOSPHOARGININE AND THE ANAEROBIC PATHWAYS IN ECOLOGICAL ADAPTATION BY THE MAJOR MOLLUSCAN FORMS -- EVOLUTIONARY CONSIDERATIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 23. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors in the Differentiation of Vertebrate Skeletal Muscles -- INTRODUCTION -- Chapter 24. Short-term and Persistent Metabolic Changes as Induced by Exercise -- Contractile and metabolic properties of muscle fibers -- Adaptations with training -- The anaerobic power during isometric contractions -- Recovery from a 15 seconds exercise -- Training experiments -- Comparison of anaerobic metabolism between young and adult untrained rats -- REFERENCES -- PART 5: ION AND OSMOREGULATION -- Chapter 25. Cell Volume Maintenance and Regulation in Eukaryotes: Overview and Perspectives -- Osmotic regulation of the extracellular fluid -- Osmotic regulation of the intracellular fluid -- Chapter 26. Goals of Ionic Regulation -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 27. On the Functional Significance of Ion Circulation Induced by Electrogenic Transport -- AN ELECTROGENIC TRANSPORT -- IMPLICATIONS OF THE ELECTROGENIC TRANSPORT -- THE EPIDERMAL SENSILLA OF INSECTS -- THE POSTERIOR RECTUM OF LEPISMATIDAE -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 28. Cell Volume Regulatory Processes in Lower Vertebrates -- 1. Reactions Of Xenopus Laevis To Osmotic Stress -- 2. Reactions Of Carp And Tilapia On Altered External Salinity -- 3. Reactions of Carp And Tilapia To Urea Or Mannitol -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 29. Hormones and Osmoregulation: Endocrine Involvement in Calcium Regulation in Teleosts -- INTRODUCTION -- GENERAL PICTURE -- CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS IN MAMMALS -- CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS IN FISH -- ENDOCRINE SYSTEMS INVOLVED IN FISH CALCIUM REGULATION -- COMPLICATING FACTORS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 30. Osmotic Aspects in Artificial Kidney Dialysis -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION.

FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEY -- URAEMIA -- DIALYSATE COMPOSITION -- DIALYSIS DYSEQUILIBRIUM SYNDROME -- ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS FOR THE DYSEQUILIBRIUM SYNDROME -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- PART 6: PERCEPTION AND ORIENTATION -- Chapter 31. Perception and Orientation: Introduction -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 32. Environmental Features and Orientation -- ORIENTATION: A COMPONENT OF BEHAVIOUR -- NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT -- ADAPTIVE AND MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOUR -- THE SPATIAL PROPERTIES OF THE OPTIC ENVIRONMENT -- THE NATURE, FUNCTIONING, AND DISFUNCTIONING OF OPTIC ORIENTATION SYSTEMS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 33. The Interplay of Substrate, Gravity and Optokinetic Orientation in Spiny Lobsters (Palinurus vulgaris) -- METHODS -- SUBSTRATE INPUT AND COMPENSATORY EYE MOVEMENTS -- SUBSTRATE STIMULATION AND CONTRIBUTION OF LEFT AND RIGHT LEGS -- LEG STIMULATION AND CONTRIBUTION OF JOINTS -- THE INTERACTION OF GRAVITY AND SUBSTRATE INPUT -- THE OPTOKINETIC INPUT INTERACTS WITH GRAVITY AND SUBSTRATE INPUT -- INFLUENCE OF IRRADIANCE ON SUBSTRATE AND OPTOKINETIC REACTIONS -- THE COUNTERFORCE OUTPUT OF THE LEGS -- LIST OF REFERENCES -- Chapter 34. The Orientation and Evasive Behavior of Insects to Bat Cries -- ABSTRACT -- KEY WORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- BATS AS PREDATORS -- THE ANTI-BAT STRATEGIES OF INSECTS -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 35. Disorders in Space Orientation -- Normal pigeons -- One sided labyrinthectomy -- Bilateral labyrinthectomy -- One sided lesion of a horizontal canal -- Bilateral lesions of the horizontal canals -- One sided lesion of a vertical canal -- References -- AUTHOR INDEX -- SUBJECT INDEX.

Exogenous and Endogenous Influences on Metabolic and Neural Control, Volume 1: Invited Lectures covers the proceedings of the Third Congress of the European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. The book presents 35 papers that cover various aspects in the control of physiological activities in animals. The text first details the origin of physiology and comparative physiology. Next, the book covers papers that deal with different physiological systems, which include feeding, respiration, reproduction, osmoregulation, and perception. The text will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of biology, biochemistry, medicine.

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