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Health and Environmental Risk Assessment.

By: Ricci, P. F.
Contributor(s): Rowe, M. D.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Kent : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2013Copyright date: ©2011Description: 1 online resource (313 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781483286310.Subject(s): Energy development -- Health aspects -- Congresses | Energy industries -- Health aspects -- Congresses | Health risk assessment -- CongressesGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Health and Environmental Risk AssessmentDDC classification: 363.119 LOC classification: RA568.5 -- .H4 1985Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Front Cover -- Health And Environmental Risk Assessment -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- FOREWORD -- PREFACE -- SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION -- WHY RISK ANALYSIS? -- SYSTEMIC ISSUES IN RISK ANALYSIS -- THE BASIC BLOCKS OF RISK ANALYSIS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 1. ASSESSING HEALTH IMPACTS OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES: A UTILITY PERSPECTIVE -- INTRODUCTION -- HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE -- COMPARISONS OF EVERYDAY RISKS -- RISK ASSESSMENT SCENARIOS -- DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- SECTION 2: DATA AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY -- CHAPTER 2. EMPLOYMENT REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS -- FACTORS OF EMPLOYMENT REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS -- LABOR REQUIREMENTS -- CONSTRUCTION EMPLOYMENT REQUIREMENTS -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 3. A GENERALIZED INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY ANALYSIS: APPLICATION TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- INTRODUCTION -- FACILITY TYPES CONSIDERED IN ANALYSIS -- METHODS -- CONSTRUCTION CATEGORIES IN THE SIC CLASSIFICATION -- ANALYSIS -- OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY COEFFICIENTS BY SECTOR -- DIRECT OPERATING SAFETY RATES (per 100 workers) -- DIRECT OPERATING SAFETY RATES (per 10 12 Btu) -- DIRECT CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RATES (per 100 workers) -- DIRECT CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RATES (per 10 12 Btu) -- INDIRECT OPERATING SAFETY RATES (per 1012 Btu) -- INDIRECT CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RATES (per 101 2 Btu) -- INDIRECT OPERATING SAFETY RATES (per million dollars of cost) -- INDIRECT CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RATES (per million dollars of cost) -- DIRECTION FOR FURTHER RESEARCH -- REFERENCES -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- CHAPTER 4. INPUT-OUTPUT COEFFICIENTS AND PROJECTIONS -- INPUT-OUTPUT DATA BASE: NATIONAL BENCHMARKS -- RELEASE DATES FOR BENCHMARK I/O TABLES -- THE INPUT-OUTPUT DATA BASE: OTHER SOURCES -- BLS APPLICATIONS OF INPUT-OUTPUT -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- SECTION 3: IMPACT MODELS.
CHAPTER 5. HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MODELS IN QUANTITATIVE HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT: AN OVERVIEW -- ENVIRONMENTAL FATE MODELS -- PHYSICOCHEMICAL PHENOMENA OF RELEVANCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT -- SUMMARY OF CHARACTERISTIC OF AIR TRANSPORT MODELS -- DOSE-RESPONSE FORMULATIONS IN RISK ANALYSIS -- DOSE-RESPONSE FORMULAS COMMONLY USED IN RISK ASSESSMENT -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 6. ESTIMATING PUBLIC HEALTH RISKS OF AIR POLLUTION AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- METHODS -- RESULTS -- DISCUSSION -- LONG-RANGE TRANSPORT MODEL PARAMETERS FOR GENERATION OF RESPIRABLE-PARTICLE AQCR-TO-AQCR MATRICES -- PARTICLE CONCENTRATIONS AND POPULATION EXPOSURES FROM RANDOMLY LOCATED EMISSION SOURCES -- NATIONAL AVERAGE POPULATION EXPOSURE TO BaP BY RESIDENTIAL COAL FURNACES AND COAL-FIRED POWER PLANTS PER UNIT SPACE HEAT DELIVERED -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- SECTION 4: APPLICATIONS OF HEALTH IMPACT ASSESSMENT METHODS -- CHAPTER 7. HEALTH RISKS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION: THE PROCESS ANALYSIS APPROACH -- INTRODUCTION -- TECHNICAL ISSUES IN PERFORMING A PROCESS ANALYSIS OF ENERGY RISKS -- A METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK FOR PROCESS ANALYSIS OF COMPARATIVE ENERGY RISKS -- CASE STUDY EXAMPLES„OCCUPATIONAL RISK HISTORY AND LITERATURE -- RISK CALCULATIONS -- CONCLUSIONS FROM WASH-1224 -- OVERVIEW OF OCCUPATIONAL RISK ESTIMATES -- SUMMARY OF DIRECT ROUTINE OCCUPATIONAL FATALITY RISKS PER GWe-YEAR ATTRIBUTED TO SELECTED FUEL CYCLES -- SELECTED ELECTRICAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY VERSIONS -- TYPICAL POWER PLANT CHARACTERISTICS -- ESTIMATED OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES FROM ACCIDENTS DURING ROUTINE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF FUEL CYCLE FACILITIES (based on pre-1982 data) -- ILLUSTRATIVE ESTIMATES OF OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES PER FACILITY-YEAR FROM ACCIDENTS DURING CONSTRUCTION OF SELECTED FACILITIES.
ESTIMATED OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES AND INJURIES PER GWe-yr FROM FACILITY CONSTRUCTION (EXCLUDING TRANSPORTATION) IN SELECTED FUEL CYCLES -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 8. A METHODOLOGY FOR COMPARING THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM URANIUM AND COAL FUELS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- STUDY BOUNDARIES -- FORMAL METHODOLOGY -- ANALYTICAL PROCEDURE -- VARIABLE IDENTIFICATION KEY -- PRELIMINARY RESULTS -- ENERGY CONSUMPTION RATES IN THE URANIUM FUEL CYCLE -- REUSABLE PACKAGE REQUIREMENTS -- REUSABLE PACKAGE LIFE CYCLE PARMETERS -- DISPOSABLE MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS -- LICENSED OR PROPOSED SHIPPING CASKS FOR CURRENT-GENERATION LWR SPENT FUEL -- PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 9. PROCESS ANALYSIS APPROACH TO HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AS EXEMPLIFIED BY ZINC/CHLORIDE STORAGE BATTERY TECHNOLOGY -- PURPOSE OF ASSESSMENT -- ASSESSMENT STRATEGY -- THE ANALYTICAL ELEMENTS -- IMPACT OF ZINC/CHLORIDE BATTERIES ON U.S. DOMESTIC MATERIALS SOURCES (1 million modules per year) -- MATERIALS FLOW RATES AND SIGNIFICANT EFFLUENTS FROM THE ZINC/CHLORIDE BATTERY CYCLE (1 million 50-kWh modules per year) -- SCREENING OF BATTERY-RELATED INDUSTRIES ON THE BASIS OF EXPANSION AND SIGNIFICANCE OF EMISSIONS FOR CONSIDERATION OF ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS FROM PRODUCTION OF 1 MILLION MODULES OF ZINC/CHLORIDE OR ZINC/BROMIDE BATTERIES -- ASSESSMENTS -- OTHER CONSIDERATIONS -- REFERENCES.
CHAPTER 10. USE OF INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS TO ESTIMATE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF ELECTRIC GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES -- METHODS -- OCCUPATIONAL DEATHS AND WORKDAYS LOST DUE TO CONSTRUCTION OF A COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT (10^ MWh/yr at 0.6 capacity factor) -- ANNUAL OCCUPATIONAL DEATHS AND WORKDAYS LOST DUE TO OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF A COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT (106 MWh/yr) -- OCCUPATIONAL DEATHS AND WORKDAYS LOST PER 106 MWh/yr FROM A COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT -- OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH EFFECTS OF COAL-FIRED POWER PLANTS: COMPARISON OF SOURCES (cases per 106 MWh) -- OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH EFFECTS OF A COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT -- CONCLUSIONS -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- CHAPTER 11. ASSESSING OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL -- INTRODUCTION -- METHODS -- SIC CODE ASSIGNMENTS FOR WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMS -- TECHNOLOGIES -- RESULTS -- DIRECT OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS OF SELECTED RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- DIRECT OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS OF A REPRESENTATIVE COAL FUEL CYCLE -- SYSTEMWIDE OCCUPATIONAL AND HEALTH SAFETY RISKS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- SYSTEMWIDE OCCUPATIONAL AND HEALTH SAFETY RISKS OF A REPRESENTATIVE COAL FUEL CYCLE -- DISCUSSION -- SYSTEMWIDE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS OF SELECTED RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- TECHNOLOGY COMPONENTS CONTRIBUTING HEAVILY TO DIRECT IMPACTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- TECHNOLOGY COMPONENTS CONTRIBUTING HEAVILY TO SYSTEMWIDE IMPACTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- ECONOMIC SECTORS CONTRIBUTING HEAVILY TO SYSTEMWIDE IMPACTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- SECTION 5: LIMITATIONS OF METHODS.
CHAPTER 12. INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS AND THE ESTIMATION OF SECONDARY HEALTH AND SAFETY EFFECTS OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- INTRODUCTION -- ISSUES IN MARGINAL ANALYSIS -- GENERAL 1-0 CONCERNS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 13. SOME ISSUES CONCERNING THE USE OF PROJECTED INPUT-OUTPUT COEFFICIENTS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- THE ASSUMPTION OF FIXED COEFFICIENTS -- UPDATING AND ADJUSTING INPUT-OUTPUT TABLES -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 14. A COMPARISON OF INPUT-OUTPUT AND PROCESS ANALYSES -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- REFERENCE TECHNOLOGY -- ESTIMATED COSTSa -- MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS -- PROCESS MODEL -- INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL -- RESULTS -- DIRECT IMPACTS -- COMPARISON OF INDIRECT AND SYSTEMWIDE IMPACTS (per 101 2 Btu) -- DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- INDEX.
Summary: Process and input-output analysis have emerged as the two principal methods of analyzing health risks of energy technologies. This book describes applications and differences between these two methods with discussions of sources or error and uncertainty, data limitations and some solutions to common problems. Its goals are to provide understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the methods and to provide a basis for standardizing risk assessment for energy policy analysis. Sections of the book describe risk analysis and develop issues common to both the process and input-output methods, describe data bases and their limitations, discuss use of environmental models for generating environmental information not available in data bases, describe applications of the methods in case studies, and discuss the state-of-the-art of the two models and opportunities for combining them to take advantage of their relative strengths and weaknesses.
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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
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RA568.5 -- .H4 1985 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1598241 Available EBC1598241

Front Cover -- Health And Environmental Risk Assessment -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- FOREWORD -- PREFACE -- SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION -- WHY RISK ANALYSIS? -- SYSTEMIC ISSUES IN RISK ANALYSIS -- THE BASIC BLOCKS OF RISK ANALYSIS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 1. ASSESSING HEALTH IMPACTS OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES: A UTILITY PERSPECTIVE -- INTRODUCTION -- HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE -- COMPARISONS OF EVERYDAY RISKS -- RISK ASSESSMENT SCENARIOS -- DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- SECTION 2: DATA AVAILABILITY AND QUALITY -- CHAPTER 2. EMPLOYMENT REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS -- FACTORS OF EMPLOYMENT REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS -- LABOR REQUIREMENTS -- CONSTRUCTION EMPLOYMENT REQUIREMENTS -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 3. A GENERALIZED INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY ANALYSIS: APPLICATION TO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- INTRODUCTION -- FACILITY TYPES CONSIDERED IN ANALYSIS -- METHODS -- CONSTRUCTION CATEGORIES IN THE SIC CLASSIFICATION -- ANALYSIS -- OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY COEFFICIENTS BY SECTOR -- DIRECT OPERATING SAFETY RATES (per 100 workers) -- DIRECT OPERATING SAFETY RATES (per 10 12 Btu) -- DIRECT CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RATES (per 100 workers) -- DIRECT CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RATES (per 10 12 Btu) -- INDIRECT OPERATING SAFETY RATES (per 1012 Btu) -- INDIRECT CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RATES (per 101 2 Btu) -- INDIRECT OPERATING SAFETY RATES (per million dollars of cost) -- INDIRECT CONSTRUCTION SAFETY RATES (per million dollars of cost) -- DIRECTION FOR FURTHER RESEARCH -- REFERENCES -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- CHAPTER 4. INPUT-OUTPUT COEFFICIENTS AND PROJECTIONS -- INPUT-OUTPUT DATA BASE: NATIONAL BENCHMARKS -- RELEASE DATES FOR BENCHMARK I/O TABLES -- THE INPUT-OUTPUT DATA BASE: OTHER SOURCES -- BLS APPLICATIONS OF INPUT-OUTPUT -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- SECTION 3: IMPACT MODELS.

CHAPTER 5. HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT MODELS IN QUANTITATIVE HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT: AN OVERVIEW -- ENVIRONMENTAL FATE MODELS -- PHYSICOCHEMICAL PHENOMENA OF RELEVANCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL TRANSPORT -- SUMMARY OF CHARACTERISTIC OF AIR TRANSPORT MODELS -- DOSE-RESPONSE FORMULATIONS IN RISK ANALYSIS -- DOSE-RESPONSE FORMULAS COMMONLY USED IN RISK ASSESSMENT -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 6. ESTIMATING PUBLIC HEALTH RISKS OF AIR POLLUTION AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- METHODS -- RESULTS -- DISCUSSION -- LONG-RANGE TRANSPORT MODEL PARAMETERS FOR GENERATION OF RESPIRABLE-PARTICLE AQCR-TO-AQCR MATRICES -- PARTICLE CONCENTRATIONS AND POPULATION EXPOSURES FROM RANDOMLY LOCATED EMISSION SOURCES -- NATIONAL AVERAGE POPULATION EXPOSURE TO BaP BY RESIDENTIAL COAL FURNACES AND COAL-FIRED POWER PLANTS PER UNIT SPACE HEAT DELIVERED -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- SECTION 4: APPLICATIONS OF HEALTH IMPACT ASSESSMENT METHODS -- CHAPTER 7. HEALTH RISKS OF ENERGY PRODUCTION: THE PROCESS ANALYSIS APPROACH -- INTRODUCTION -- TECHNICAL ISSUES IN PERFORMING A PROCESS ANALYSIS OF ENERGY RISKS -- A METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK FOR PROCESS ANALYSIS OF COMPARATIVE ENERGY RISKS -- CASE STUDY EXAMPLES„OCCUPATIONAL RISK HISTORY AND LITERATURE -- RISK CALCULATIONS -- CONCLUSIONS FROM WASH-1224 -- OVERVIEW OF OCCUPATIONAL RISK ESTIMATES -- SUMMARY OF DIRECT ROUTINE OCCUPATIONAL FATALITY RISKS PER GWe-YEAR ATTRIBUTED TO SELECTED FUEL CYCLES -- SELECTED ELECTRICAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY VERSIONS -- TYPICAL POWER PLANT CHARACTERISTICS -- ESTIMATED OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES FROM ACCIDENTS DURING ROUTINE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF FUEL CYCLE FACILITIES (based on pre-1982 data) -- ILLUSTRATIVE ESTIMATES OF OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES PER FACILITY-YEAR FROM ACCIDENTS DURING CONSTRUCTION OF SELECTED FACILITIES.

ESTIMATED OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES AND INJURIES PER GWe-yr FROM FACILITY CONSTRUCTION (EXCLUDING TRANSPORTATION) IN SELECTED FUEL CYCLES -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 8. A METHODOLOGY FOR COMPARING THE HEALTH EFFECTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM URANIUM AND COAL FUELS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- STUDY BOUNDARIES -- FORMAL METHODOLOGY -- ANALYTICAL PROCEDURE -- VARIABLE IDENTIFICATION KEY -- PRELIMINARY RESULTS -- ENERGY CONSUMPTION RATES IN THE URANIUM FUEL CYCLE -- REUSABLE PACKAGE REQUIREMENTS -- REUSABLE PACKAGE LIFE CYCLE PARMETERS -- DISPOSABLE MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS -- LICENSED OR PROPOSED SHIPPING CASKS FOR CURRENT-GENERATION LWR SPENT FUEL -- PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED -- SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 9. PROCESS ANALYSIS APPROACH TO HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AS EXEMPLIFIED BY ZINC/CHLORIDE STORAGE BATTERY TECHNOLOGY -- PURPOSE OF ASSESSMENT -- ASSESSMENT STRATEGY -- THE ANALYTICAL ELEMENTS -- IMPACT OF ZINC/CHLORIDE BATTERIES ON U.S. DOMESTIC MATERIALS SOURCES (1 million modules per year) -- MATERIALS FLOW RATES AND SIGNIFICANT EFFLUENTS FROM THE ZINC/CHLORIDE BATTERY CYCLE (1 million 50-kWh modules per year) -- SCREENING OF BATTERY-RELATED INDUSTRIES ON THE BASIS OF EXPANSION AND SIGNIFICANCE OF EMISSIONS FOR CONSIDERATION OF ECOLOGICAL IMPACTS FROM PRODUCTION OF 1 MILLION MODULES OF ZINC/CHLORIDE OR ZINC/BROMIDE BATTERIES -- ASSESSMENTS -- OTHER CONSIDERATIONS -- REFERENCES.

CHAPTER 10. USE OF INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS TO ESTIMATE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF ELECTRIC GENERATION TECHNOLOGIES -- METHODS -- OCCUPATIONAL DEATHS AND WORKDAYS LOST DUE TO CONSTRUCTION OF A COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT (10^ MWh/yr at 0.6 capacity factor) -- ANNUAL OCCUPATIONAL DEATHS AND WORKDAYS LOST DUE TO OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF A COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT (106 MWh/yr) -- OCCUPATIONAL DEATHS AND WORKDAYS LOST PER 106 MWh/yr FROM A COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT -- OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH EFFECTS OF COAL-FIRED POWER PLANTS: COMPARISON OF SOURCES (cases per 106 MWh) -- OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH EFFECTS OF A COAL-FIRED POWER PLANT -- CONCLUSIONS -- BIBLIOGRAPHY -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- CHAPTER 11. ASSESSING OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL -- INTRODUCTION -- METHODS -- SIC CODE ASSIGNMENTS FOR WIND ENERGY CONVERSION SYSTEMS -- TECHNOLOGIES -- RESULTS -- DIRECT OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS OF SELECTED RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- DIRECT OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS OF A REPRESENTATIVE COAL FUEL CYCLE -- SYSTEMWIDE OCCUPATIONAL AND HEALTH SAFETY RISKS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- SYSTEMWIDE OCCUPATIONAL AND HEALTH SAFETY RISKS OF A REPRESENTATIVE COAL FUEL CYCLE -- DISCUSSION -- SYSTEMWIDE OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS OF SELECTED RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- TECHNOLOGY COMPONENTS CONTRIBUTING HEAVILY TO DIRECT IMPACTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- TECHNOLOGY COMPONENTS CONTRIBUTING HEAVILY TO SYSTEMWIDE IMPACTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- ECONOMIC SECTORS CONTRIBUTING HEAVILY TO SYSTEMWIDE IMPACTS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- SECTION 5: LIMITATIONS OF METHODS.

CHAPTER 12. INPUT-OUTPUT ANALYSIS AND THE ESTIMATION OF SECONDARY HEALTH AND SAFETY EFFECTS OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES -- INTRODUCTION -- ISSUES IN MARGINAL ANALYSIS -- GENERAL 1-0 CONCERNS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 13. SOME ISSUES CONCERNING THE USE OF PROJECTED INPUT-OUTPUT COEFFICIENTS -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- THE ASSUMPTION OF FIXED COEFFICIENTS -- UPDATING AND ADJUSTING INPUT-OUTPUT TABLES -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 14. A COMPARISON OF INPUT-OUTPUT AND PROCESS ANALYSES -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- REFERENCE TECHNOLOGY -- ESTIMATED COSTSa -- MATERIALS REQUIREMENTS -- PROCESS MODEL -- INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL -- RESULTS -- DIRECT IMPACTS -- COMPARISON OF INDIRECT AND SYSTEMWIDE IMPACTS (per 101 2 Btu) -- DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- INDEX.

Process and input-output analysis have emerged as the two principal methods of analyzing health risks of energy technologies. This book describes applications and differences between these two methods with discussions of sources or error and uncertainty, data limitations and some solutions to common problems. Its goals are to provide understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the methods and to provide a basis for standardizing risk assessment for energy policy analysis. Sections of the book describe risk analysis and develop issues common to both the process and input-output methods, describe data bases and their limitations, discuss use of environmental models for generating environmental information not available in data bases, describe applications of the methods in case studies, and discuss the state-of-the-art of the two models and opportunities for combining them to take advantage of their relative strengths and weaknesses.

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