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Physiological and Technical Basis of Electromyography.

By: Brown, William F.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Oxford : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2013Copyright date: ©1984Description: 1 online resource (524 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781483163291.Subject(s): ElectromyographyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Physiological and Technical Basis of ElectromyographyDDC classification: 616.7/407547 LOC classification: RC77.5 -- .B76 1984Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Front Cover -- The Physiological and Technical Basis of Electromyography -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Foreword -- Part I: The Physiological And Technical Basis Of Electromyography -- CHAPTER 1. THE NORMAL TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL AND IMPULSE CONDUCTION -- TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL -- ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF EXCITABLE MEMBRANES -- ACTION POTENTIAL -- ELECTRICAL EVENTS IN MUSCLE FIBERS -- ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF NERVE AND MUSCLE -- CHAPTER 2. CONDUCTION IN ABNORMAL NERVE -- DEMYELINATION AND REMYELINATION -- NEURONOPATHIES AND AXONOPATHIE5 -- COMPRESSION INJURIES OF PERIPHERAL NERVE -- TRACTION INJURIES -- ISCHEMIA AND PERIPHERAL NERVES -- COLD INJURY OF PERIPHERAL NERVES -- References -- CHAPTER 3. THE RECORDING OF CONDUCTED ELECTRICAL POTENTIALS IN NERVE TRUNKS AND CONDUCTION IN HUMAN MOTOR AND SENSORY FIBERS -- DIVISION OF NERVE FIBERS BY FUNCTION AND SIZE -- MONOPHASIC RECORDING OF NERVE TRUNK POTENTIALS -- CORRELATIONS BETWEEN COMPOUND NERVE ACTIONS -- ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF PERIPHERAL NERVE -- ASSESSMENT OF MOTOR CONDUCTION IN MAN -- METHODS OF MEASURING THE RANGE OF CONDUCTION VELOCITIES IN ALPHA MOTOR AXONS IN MAN -- METHODS FOR MEASURING SENSORY CONDUCTION IN MAN -- CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHIES -- References -- CHAPTER 4. EVOKED POTENTIALS -- GENERAL PATTERN OF THE SOMATOSENSORY EVOKED POTENTIAL EVOKED BY STIMULATION IN THE UPPER LIMB -- NOMENCLATURE -- ELECTRONIC REQUIREMENTS -- THE SOMATOSENSORY SYSTEM IN RELATION TO THE SEP -- VOLUME CONDUCTION AND OTHER FACTORS AS THEY AFFECT RECORDED POTENTIALS -- ORIGIN OF SUBCORTICAL SOMATOSENSORY POTENTIALS -- SURFACE RECORDINGS OF LUMBOSACRAL AND ROOT POTENTIALS -- TRIGEMINAL EVOKED POTENTIALS -- PRESENT VALUE OF SOMATOSENSORY EVOKED POTENTIALS -- CHAPTER 5. THE NORMAL MOTOR UNIT -- ORGANIZATION OF MOTONEURONS IN THE SPINAL CORD.
PHYSIOLOGICAL BIOCHEMICAL, AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTOR UNITS -- CONTRACTILE CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN MOTOR UNITS -- MOTOR UNIT RECRUITMENT -- ISOMETRIC CONTRACTION METHOD -- FORCE OF MUSCLE CONTRACTION -- References -- CHAPTER 6. QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE OUTPUT OF MUSCLES AND MOTOR UNIT ESTIMATES -- THE COMPOUND M-POTENTIAL -- ESTIMATIONS OF THE NUMBERS OF MUSlN MUSCLE(S) -- OTHER METHODS FOR SELECTING MUPs FOR THE CALCULATION OF MEAN MU AMPLITUDE -- EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON OF PHYSIOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL ESTIMATES OF MU NUMBERS -- SUMMARY -- CHAPTER 7. ELECTROMYOGRAPHY- NORMAL -- TERRITORIES OF MUs AND DISTRIBUTIONS OF MFs -- THE MOTOR UNIT POTENTIAL -- TYPES OF EMG ELECTRODES -- SINGLE-FIBER NEEDLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHY -- MACRO NEEDLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHY -- AUTOMATIC AND SEMIAUTOMATIC ANALYSIS OF EMG ACTIVITY -- References -- CHAPTER 8. NEEDLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC ABNORMALITIES IN NEUROGENIC AND MUSCLE DISEASES -- NEEDLE EMG CHANGES IN NEUROGENIC DISEASE -- PATTERNS OF EMG ABNORMALITIES -- NEEDLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC ABNORMALITIES IN DEMYEUNATING NEUROPATHIES -- CORRELATIONS BETWEEN EMG AND MUSCLE BIOPSIES -- References -- CHAPTER 9. NORMA AND ABNORMAL SPONTANEOUS ACTIVITY IN MUSCLE -- ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY IN THE END-PLATE ZONE -- ABNORMAL SPONTANEOUS AND PROVOKED ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY IN MUSCLE -- FASCICULATION -- THE NEUROMYOTONIAS -- DISORDERS OF HYPOEXCITADIUTY -- References -- CHAPTER 10. NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION-NORMAL AND ABNORMAL -- STRUCTURE OF THE NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION -- SYNTHESIS AND BREAKDOWN OF ACh -- PRESYNAPTIC MECHANISMS IN NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION -- STORAGE OF ACETYLCHOLINE -- MYASTHENIA GRAVIS -- TESTS OF NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION -- OTHER DISORDERS OF NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION -- CONGENITAL MYASTHENIC SYNDROMES -- DRUG-INDUCED DISORDERS OF NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION -- CATION-INDUCED NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS.
DISORDERS OF NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION IN ASSOCIATION WITH MOTONEURON DISEASES, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHIES, AND MUSCLE DISEASES -- References -- CHAPTER 11. ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND THE CRANIAL NERVES -- TRIGEMINAL (FIFTH) NERVE -- SEVENTH CRANIAL NERVE -- LESIONS IN THE BRAINSTEM -- CORNEAL DUNK REFLEX -- FUNCTIONAL ABNORMALITIES OF SEVENTH MOTONEURONS AND AXONS -- ACCESSORY (ELEVENTH) CRANIAL NERVE -- THE TWELFTH CRANIAL NERVE -- References -- CHAPTER 12. ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND DISORDERS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM -- PYRAMIDAL SYNDROME -- MU RECRUITMENT IN HEMIPARETIC HUMANS -- PATHOGENESIS OF ATROPHY AND THE QUESTION OF DENERVATION IN HEMIPLEGIA AND PARAPLEGIA -- TRANSCORTICAL REFLEXES -- TREMOR -- THE H-REFLEX -- TONIC VIBRATION REFLEX -- THE BABINSKI REFLEX -- References -- INDEX.
Summary: The Physiological and Technical Basis of Electromyography aims to help the clinician involved in the study of diseases of the peripheral nervous system and muscle to better understand the pathophysiological basis for many of the observations derived from electromyography and nerve conduction studies. The book begins with basic background information to enable the reader to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms covered in the remainder of the text. This is followed by separate chapters on the physiological consequences of the main patterns of injury and repair affecting the peripheral nervous system; the general principles of stimulation and recording techniques as applied to man; and techniques employed to record somatosensory evoked potentials. Subsequent chapters cover the motor unit; priorities and objectives of needle electromyography; abnormal spontaneous and provoked activity originating in motoneurons or their axons; neuromuscular transmission; and the important aspects of the anatomy and physiology of cranial nerves and the electrophysiological methods available for testing them. This book is intended not only for practicing electromyographers but also for those neurologists and physiatrists who, although they may not practice electromyography, have an interest in neuromuscular diseases and the place of electromyography in the analysis of these disorders.
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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
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RC77.5 -- .B76 1984 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1648873 Available EBC1648873

Front Cover -- The Physiological and Technical Basis of Electromyography -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Foreword -- Part I: The Physiological And Technical Basis Of Electromyography -- CHAPTER 1. THE NORMAL TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL AND IMPULSE CONDUCTION -- TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL -- ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF EXCITABLE MEMBRANES -- ACTION POTENTIAL -- ELECTRICAL EVENTS IN MUSCLE FIBERS -- ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF NERVE AND MUSCLE -- CHAPTER 2. CONDUCTION IN ABNORMAL NERVE -- DEMYELINATION AND REMYELINATION -- NEURONOPATHIES AND AXONOPATHIE5 -- COMPRESSION INJURIES OF PERIPHERAL NERVE -- TRACTION INJURIES -- ISCHEMIA AND PERIPHERAL NERVES -- COLD INJURY OF PERIPHERAL NERVES -- References -- CHAPTER 3. THE RECORDING OF CONDUCTED ELECTRICAL POTENTIALS IN NERVE TRUNKS AND CONDUCTION IN HUMAN MOTOR AND SENSORY FIBERS -- DIVISION OF NERVE FIBERS BY FUNCTION AND SIZE -- MONOPHASIC RECORDING OF NERVE TRUNK POTENTIALS -- CORRELATIONS BETWEEN COMPOUND NERVE ACTIONS -- ELECTRICAL STIMULATION OF PERIPHERAL NERVE -- ASSESSMENT OF MOTOR CONDUCTION IN MAN -- METHODS OF MEASURING THE RANGE OF CONDUCTION VELOCITIES IN ALPHA MOTOR AXONS IN MAN -- METHODS FOR MEASURING SENSORY CONDUCTION IN MAN -- CLINICAL ASSESSMENT OF PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHIES -- References -- CHAPTER 4. EVOKED POTENTIALS -- GENERAL PATTERN OF THE SOMATOSENSORY EVOKED POTENTIAL EVOKED BY STIMULATION IN THE UPPER LIMB -- NOMENCLATURE -- ELECTRONIC REQUIREMENTS -- THE SOMATOSENSORY SYSTEM IN RELATION TO THE SEP -- VOLUME CONDUCTION AND OTHER FACTORS AS THEY AFFECT RECORDED POTENTIALS -- ORIGIN OF SUBCORTICAL SOMATOSENSORY POTENTIALS -- SURFACE RECORDINGS OF LUMBOSACRAL AND ROOT POTENTIALS -- TRIGEMINAL EVOKED POTENTIALS -- PRESENT VALUE OF SOMATOSENSORY EVOKED POTENTIALS -- CHAPTER 5. THE NORMAL MOTOR UNIT -- ORGANIZATION OF MOTONEURONS IN THE SPINAL CORD.

PHYSIOLOGICAL BIOCHEMICAL, AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTOR UNITS -- CONTRACTILE CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN MOTOR UNITS -- MOTOR UNIT RECRUITMENT -- ISOMETRIC CONTRACTION METHOD -- FORCE OF MUSCLE CONTRACTION -- References -- CHAPTER 6. QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE OUTPUT OF MUSCLES AND MOTOR UNIT ESTIMATES -- THE COMPOUND M-POTENTIAL -- ESTIMATIONS OF THE NUMBERS OF MUSlN MUSCLE(S) -- OTHER METHODS FOR SELECTING MUPs FOR THE CALCULATION OF MEAN MU AMPLITUDE -- EXPERIMENTAL COMPARISON OF PHYSIOLOGICAL AND ANATOMICAL ESTIMATES OF MU NUMBERS -- SUMMARY -- CHAPTER 7. ELECTROMYOGRAPHY- NORMAL -- TERRITORIES OF MUs AND DISTRIBUTIONS OF MFs -- THE MOTOR UNIT POTENTIAL -- TYPES OF EMG ELECTRODES -- SINGLE-FIBER NEEDLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHY -- MACRO NEEDLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHY -- AUTOMATIC AND SEMIAUTOMATIC ANALYSIS OF EMG ACTIVITY -- References -- CHAPTER 8. NEEDLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC ABNORMALITIES IN NEUROGENIC AND MUSCLE DISEASES -- NEEDLE EMG CHANGES IN NEUROGENIC DISEASE -- PATTERNS OF EMG ABNORMALITIES -- NEEDLE ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC ABNORMALITIES IN DEMYEUNATING NEUROPATHIES -- CORRELATIONS BETWEEN EMG AND MUSCLE BIOPSIES -- References -- CHAPTER 9. NORMA AND ABNORMAL SPONTANEOUS ACTIVITY IN MUSCLE -- ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY IN THE END-PLATE ZONE -- ABNORMAL SPONTANEOUS AND PROVOKED ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY IN MUSCLE -- FASCICULATION -- THE NEUROMYOTONIAS -- DISORDERS OF HYPOEXCITADIUTY -- References -- CHAPTER 10. NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION-NORMAL AND ABNORMAL -- STRUCTURE OF THE NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION -- SYNTHESIS AND BREAKDOWN OF ACh -- PRESYNAPTIC MECHANISMS IN NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION -- STORAGE OF ACETYLCHOLINE -- MYASTHENIA GRAVIS -- TESTS OF NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION -- OTHER DISORDERS OF NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION -- CONGENITAL MYASTHENIC SYNDROMES -- DRUG-INDUCED DISORDERS OF NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION -- CATION-INDUCED NEUROMUSCULAR DISORDERS.

DISORDERS OF NEUROMUSCULAR TRANSMISSION IN ASSOCIATION WITH MOTONEURON DISEASES, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHIES, AND MUSCLE DISEASES -- References -- CHAPTER 11. ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND THE CRANIAL NERVES -- TRIGEMINAL (FIFTH) NERVE -- SEVENTH CRANIAL NERVE -- LESIONS IN THE BRAINSTEM -- CORNEAL DUNK REFLEX -- FUNCTIONAL ABNORMALITIES OF SEVENTH MOTONEURONS AND AXONS -- ACCESSORY (ELEVENTH) CRANIAL NERVE -- THE TWELFTH CRANIAL NERVE -- References -- CHAPTER 12. ELECTROMYOGRAPHY AND DISORDERS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM -- PYRAMIDAL SYNDROME -- MU RECRUITMENT IN HEMIPARETIC HUMANS -- PATHOGENESIS OF ATROPHY AND THE QUESTION OF DENERVATION IN HEMIPLEGIA AND PARAPLEGIA -- TRANSCORTICAL REFLEXES -- TREMOR -- THE H-REFLEX -- TONIC VIBRATION REFLEX -- THE BABINSKI REFLEX -- References -- INDEX.

The Physiological and Technical Basis of Electromyography aims to help the clinician involved in the study of diseases of the peripheral nervous system and muscle to better understand the pathophysiological basis for many of the observations derived from electromyography and nerve conduction studies. The book begins with basic background information to enable the reader to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms covered in the remainder of the text. This is followed by separate chapters on the physiological consequences of the main patterns of injury and repair affecting the peripheral nervous system; the general principles of stimulation and recording techniques as applied to man; and techniques employed to record somatosensory evoked potentials. Subsequent chapters cover the motor unit; priorities and objectives of needle electromyography; abnormal spontaneous and provoked activity originating in motoneurons or their axons; neuromuscular transmission; and the important aspects of the anatomy and physiology of cranial nerves and the electrophysiological methods available for testing them. This book is intended not only for practicing electromyographers but also for those neurologists and physiatrists who, although they may not practice electromyography, have an interest in neuromuscular diseases and the place of electromyography in the analysis of these disorders.

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