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Unintended Outcomes of Social Movements : The 1989 Chinese Student Movement.

By: Deng, Fang.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.International Library of Sociology: Publisher: Florence : Taylor and Francis, 2014Copyright date: ©2012Description: 1 online resource (168 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781135247829.Subject(s): China -- History -- Tiananmen Square Incident, 1989 | Game theory | Social movements -- China | Student movements -- ChinaGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Unintended Outcomes of Social Movements : The 1989 Chinese Student MovementDDC classification: 320.5320951 LOC classification: DS779.32 -- .D46 2012Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- List of illustrations -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- 1 Understanding unintended outcomes of social movements -- An unintended outcome of the 1989 Chinese student movement -- Two reasons why the Tiananmen tragedy has not been presented as an unintended outcome -- The advantages of applying a game theoretical approach -- An important assumption -- A theory of interaction between social movements and state -- 2 A brief history of the Chinese student movement for democracy (15 April 1989 to 4 June 1989) -- 3 Anti-threat resistance: a game with incomplete information -- Preference structure: the mechanics of interaction -- A model of movement development -- Private information and a changed preference structure -- A game with incomplete information -- Conclusion -- 4 State's sub-optimal strategies: a two-level game -- A two-level game -- The complexity of choosing a strategy in the two-level game -- Incentives for consistency between the two games -- A supplementary theory of consistency and sub-optimal strategies -- Significant impacts of the state's sub-optimal strategies on movement development -- Conclusion -- 5 Short-term gain and long-term loss for the participants: the dynamics of repeated games -- The participants' changing beliefs: diminishing dangers -- The participants' increasing payoff, X3 -- The participants' constant payoff, X2 -- Decreasing the probability of the state choosing the sub-optimal strategy -- Short-term gain and long-term loss for the participants -- Conclusion -- 6 Information gap and bloody confrontation: the final game -- State's threats: interdependent or independent -- State's interests: the tangible interests of the present or the intangible interests of the future.
The foundation for the formation of the participants' beliefs: past experience or a correct understanding of the current situation -- Conclusion -- Appendix -- Bibliography -- Index.
Summary: Why did the 1989 Chinese student movement end in violent confrontation at Tiananmen Square, despite the fact that both the Chinese government and the students very much wanted to avoid violence? This puzzle, which lies at the heart of the tragic events at Tiananmen, is addressed here from a fresh perspective that sheds new insight into these dramatic events. Throughout Unintended Outcomes in Social Movements, Deng applies the formal methods of game theory to elucidate some of the contingent, strategic decision-making by both sides in a social-movement/state confrontation, and how those decisions can - and did - lead to an unintended outcome. In identifying the necessary cause of the Tiananmen tragedy, namely a newly created social system with four highly specific properties, this book provides the first adequate explanation of the Tiananmen events. Because of this, it stands to make a significant stride toward convincing students of political conflict of the explanatory power of formal game-theoretic models. This book is an excellent source of reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in areas including Chinese politics, social movements, game theory economics, and social theory.
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DS779.32 -- .D46 2012 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1656114 Available EBC1656114

Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- List of illustrations -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- 1 Understanding unintended outcomes of social movements -- An unintended outcome of the 1989 Chinese student movement -- Two reasons why the Tiananmen tragedy has not been presented as an unintended outcome -- The advantages of applying a game theoretical approach -- An important assumption -- A theory of interaction between social movements and state -- 2 A brief history of the Chinese student movement for democracy (15 April 1989 to 4 June 1989) -- 3 Anti-threat resistance: a game with incomplete information -- Preference structure: the mechanics of interaction -- A model of movement development -- Private information and a changed preference structure -- A game with incomplete information -- Conclusion -- 4 State's sub-optimal strategies: a two-level game -- A two-level game -- The complexity of choosing a strategy in the two-level game -- Incentives for consistency between the two games -- A supplementary theory of consistency and sub-optimal strategies -- Significant impacts of the state's sub-optimal strategies on movement development -- Conclusion -- 5 Short-term gain and long-term loss for the participants: the dynamics of repeated games -- The participants' changing beliefs: diminishing dangers -- The participants' increasing payoff, X3 -- The participants' constant payoff, X2 -- Decreasing the probability of the state choosing the sub-optimal strategy -- Short-term gain and long-term loss for the participants -- Conclusion -- 6 Information gap and bloody confrontation: the final game -- State's threats: interdependent or independent -- State's interests: the tangible interests of the present or the intangible interests of the future.

The foundation for the formation of the participants' beliefs: past experience or a correct understanding of the current situation -- Conclusion -- Appendix -- Bibliography -- Index.

Why did the 1989 Chinese student movement end in violent confrontation at Tiananmen Square, despite the fact that both the Chinese government and the students very much wanted to avoid violence? This puzzle, which lies at the heart of the tragic events at Tiananmen, is addressed here from a fresh perspective that sheds new insight into these dramatic events. Throughout Unintended Outcomes in Social Movements, Deng applies the formal methods of game theory to elucidate some of the contingent, strategic decision-making by both sides in a social-movement/state confrontation, and how those decisions can - and did - lead to an unintended outcome. In identifying the necessary cause of the Tiananmen tragedy, namely a newly created social system with four highly specific properties, this book provides the first adequate explanation of the Tiananmen events. Because of this, it stands to make a significant stride toward convincing students of political conflict of the explanatory power of formal game-theoretic models. This book is an excellent source of reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in areas including Chinese politics, social movements, game theory economics, and social theory.

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Author notes provided by Syndetics

<p>Fang Deng is Associate Professor in the department of Sociology at Bridgewater State College, US. Previous publications include Chinese translations of Game Theory and Economic Modeling by David M. Kreps (Oxford University Press, 1992), and Foundations of Social Theory by James S. Coleman, Harvard University Press, 1990.</p>

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