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The Politics of Pregnancy : Policy Dilemmas in the Maternal-Fetal Relationship.

By: Merrick, Janna C.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Florence : Taylor and Francis, 2014Copyright date: ©1994Description: 1 online resource (448 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781317952800.Subject(s): Fetus -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States | Pregnant women -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United StatesGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: The Politics of Pregnancy : Policy Dilemmas in the Maternal-Fetal RelationshipDDC classification: 347.3064192 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Table of Contents -- Reproductive Technology: Pregnant Women, the Fetus, and the Courts -- Introduction -- Social Recognition of Fetus as a Person -- An Emerging Maternal Duty to Utilize Prenatal Technologies? -- Prenatal Diagnosis -- Carrier Screening -- Collaborative Conception -- The Fetus as a Patient: In Utero Surgery -- The Technological Imperative and Pregnant Women -- Conclusions: Shaping Reproductive Technologies -- References -- The Moral Permissibility of In Utero Experimentation -- Introduction -- Rubella Experiment -- Benefits of in Utero Experimentation -- Problem of Autonomy -- Harm to Fetus -- Appears to Condone Abortion -- Nazi Experimentation -- Enforcing the Obligation to Abort -- Notes -- References -- Good, Bad, and Captive Samaritans: Adding-In Pregnancy and Consent to the Abortion Debate -- Introduction -- Pregnancy -- Consent -- Good Samaritan Cases -- Bad Samaritan Cases -- The Pregnant Woman as Captive Samaritan -- Sex and the Pregnant Woman -- Women: Born to be Pregnant? -- The Question of Privacy -- Of Principles and Poutics -- From "Pro-Choice" to "Pro-Consent" -- Notes -- References -- Webster and the Rights to Life -- Introduction -- The Right to Life -- The Right to Life As a Negative Right -- The Right to Life As a Positive Right -- The Duties Correlative to Rights -- Affirmative Duties Arising Out of Special Relationships -- The Physician's Obugations -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Caring for the Fetus to Protect the Born Child? Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Coerced Obstetrical Intervention -- Introduction -- Ethical Considerations During the Prenatal Period -- In the Legal Arena -- The Legal Status of the Fetus -- Court-Ordered Interventions -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References.
What Is the Purpose of Neonatal Drug Testing? Towards a Rational Social Policy -- Introduction -- The Wisconsin Law on Neonatal Drug Testing -- The Purpose of Neonatal Testing -- The Selectivity of Neonatal Testing -- The Requirement for Parental Consent -- The Concept of Prenatal Harm -- The Standard of Conduct -- The Practical Application of the Standard of Conduct -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- The War at Home: Positivism, Law, and the Prosecution of Pregnant Women -- Introduction -- Positivist Epistemology -- Feminist Critique of Positivism -- Law, Science, and the Prosecution of Pregnant Women -- A Modest Proposal -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- At Women's Expense: The Costs of Fetal Rights -- Medical Treatment -- Alcohol and Drug Use -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Analyzing Employer Motives: Evaluating the "Scientific Evidence" upon Which Fetal Protection Policies Were Based -- Introduction -- Reproductive Hazards in the Workplace -- Terms Defined -- Types of Reproductive Toxicants -- Lead Standard -- Ethylene Oxide Standard -- Maternal V. Paternal Exposure -- Maternal Exposure -- Paternal Exposure -- The Use of One-Sex Exclusionary Policies -- An Optimistic View of Employer Motivations -- A Pessimistic view of Employer Motivations -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- Who Is Protected? What's Wrong with Exclusionary Policies -- Introduction -- Cases -- American Cyanamid -- Page v. Freight Hire -- Pregnancy and Polygraphs -- UAW v. Johnson Controls -- Critiquing Exclusionary Policies -- The Future of Exclusionary Policies -- Notes -- References -- Women's Rights vs. "Fetal Rights": Politics, Law and Reproductive Hazards in the Workplace -- Introduction -- Theoretical Approach -- The Male Standard in the Law -- Congress: The Pregnancy Discrimination Act -- Executive Agencies: Regulation.
The Courts: The Fetal Hazards Cases -- The Politics of Reproductive Hazards -- Women's Rights Vs. "Fetal Rights" -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- In the Interest of the Fetus: Mandatory Prenatal Classes in the Workplace -- Introduction -- The Sunbeam-Oster Program -- The Company's Position -- Critique of the Company's Position: Coercion and Discrimination -- Critique of the Company's Position: Fetal Protection and Privacy -- Conclusion and Public Policy Recommendations -- References -- Surrogate Motherhood: Implications for the Mother-Fetus Relationship -- Introduction -- Research Methods -- Compelling State Interests in Surrogate Motherhood -- Findings -- Statutes -- Court Cases -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- About the Contributors -- Index.
Summary: Here is a comprehensive overview and analysis of issues concerning the maternal-fetal relationship, from abortion to surrogate motherhood. Unlike many books which cover reproductive issues in general, this book focuses in-depth on one aspect of reproduction--the maternal-fetal relationship--to give readers a detailed study of the many issues involved. The Politics of Pregnancy discusses public policy dimensions of this relationship and posits new, critical political dilemmas. Many chapters in this unique book also provide significant clinical information as well as conceptual analysis. The Politics of Pregnancy offers great diversity in terms of the disciplinary backgrounds of the authors and their ideological perspectives. Authors come from many fields, including sociology, political science, pediatrics, ethics, and psychiatry, and provide diverse, sometimes opposing, analytical positions. Some of the topics they debate include: maternal substance use during pregnancy prenatal technology pregnancy and workplace hazards court-ordered obstetrical intervention fetal experimentation Readers interested in public and health care policy, nursing, feminism, pediatrics, or ethics, will find The Politics of Pregnancy to be a stimulating and thought-provoking book. This volume also makes an excellent discussion tool for graduate courses in these areas.
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Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
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KF481.A75 -- .P65 2013 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1683713 Available EBC1683713

Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- Table of Contents -- Reproductive Technology: Pregnant Women, the Fetus, and the Courts -- Introduction -- Social Recognition of Fetus as a Person -- An Emerging Maternal Duty to Utilize Prenatal Technologies? -- Prenatal Diagnosis -- Carrier Screening -- Collaborative Conception -- The Fetus as a Patient: In Utero Surgery -- The Technological Imperative and Pregnant Women -- Conclusions: Shaping Reproductive Technologies -- References -- The Moral Permissibility of In Utero Experimentation -- Introduction -- Rubella Experiment -- Benefits of in Utero Experimentation -- Problem of Autonomy -- Harm to Fetus -- Appears to Condone Abortion -- Nazi Experimentation -- Enforcing the Obligation to Abort -- Notes -- References -- Good, Bad, and Captive Samaritans: Adding-In Pregnancy and Consent to the Abortion Debate -- Introduction -- Pregnancy -- Consent -- Good Samaritan Cases -- Bad Samaritan Cases -- The Pregnant Woman as Captive Samaritan -- Sex and the Pregnant Woman -- Women: Born to be Pregnant? -- The Question of Privacy -- Of Principles and Poutics -- From "Pro-Choice" to "Pro-Consent" -- Notes -- References -- Webster and the Rights to Life -- Introduction -- The Right to Life -- The Right to Life As a Negative Right -- The Right to Life As a Positive Right -- The Duties Correlative to Rights -- Affirmative Duties Arising Out of Special Relationships -- The Physician's Obugations -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Caring for the Fetus to Protect the Born Child? Ethical and Legal Dilemmas in Coerced Obstetrical Intervention -- Introduction -- Ethical Considerations During the Prenatal Period -- In the Legal Arena -- The Legal Status of the Fetus -- Court-Ordered Interventions -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References.

What Is the Purpose of Neonatal Drug Testing? Towards a Rational Social Policy -- Introduction -- The Wisconsin Law on Neonatal Drug Testing -- The Purpose of Neonatal Testing -- The Selectivity of Neonatal Testing -- The Requirement for Parental Consent -- The Concept of Prenatal Harm -- The Standard of Conduct -- The Practical Application of the Standard of Conduct -- Concluding Remarks -- References -- The War at Home: Positivism, Law, and the Prosecution of Pregnant Women -- Introduction -- Positivist Epistemology -- Feminist Critique of Positivism -- Law, Science, and the Prosecution of Pregnant Women -- A Modest Proposal -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- At Women's Expense: The Costs of Fetal Rights -- Medical Treatment -- Alcohol and Drug Use -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Analyzing Employer Motives: Evaluating the "Scientific Evidence" upon Which Fetal Protection Policies Were Based -- Introduction -- Reproductive Hazards in the Workplace -- Terms Defined -- Types of Reproductive Toxicants -- Lead Standard -- Ethylene Oxide Standard -- Maternal V. Paternal Exposure -- Maternal Exposure -- Paternal Exposure -- The Use of One-Sex Exclusionary Policies -- An Optimistic View of Employer Motivations -- A Pessimistic view of Employer Motivations -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- Who Is Protected? What's Wrong with Exclusionary Policies -- Introduction -- Cases -- American Cyanamid -- Page v. Freight Hire -- Pregnancy and Polygraphs -- UAW v. Johnson Controls -- Critiquing Exclusionary Policies -- The Future of Exclusionary Policies -- Notes -- References -- Women's Rights vs. "Fetal Rights": Politics, Law and Reproductive Hazards in the Workplace -- Introduction -- Theoretical Approach -- The Male Standard in the Law -- Congress: The Pregnancy Discrimination Act -- Executive Agencies: Regulation.

The Courts: The Fetal Hazards Cases -- The Politics of Reproductive Hazards -- Women's Rights Vs. "Fetal Rights" -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- In the Interest of the Fetus: Mandatory Prenatal Classes in the Workplace -- Introduction -- The Sunbeam-Oster Program -- The Company's Position -- Critique of the Company's Position: Coercion and Discrimination -- Critique of the Company's Position: Fetal Protection and Privacy -- Conclusion and Public Policy Recommendations -- References -- Surrogate Motherhood: Implications for the Mother-Fetus Relationship -- Introduction -- Research Methods -- Compelling State Interests in Surrogate Motherhood -- Findings -- Statutes -- Court Cases -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- About the Contributors -- Index.

Here is a comprehensive overview and analysis of issues concerning the maternal-fetal relationship, from abortion to surrogate motherhood. Unlike many books which cover reproductive issues in general, this book focuses in-depth on one aspect of reproduction--the maternal-fetal relationship--to give readers a detailed study of the many issues involved. The Politics of Pregnancy discusses public policy dimensions of this relationship and posits new, critical political dilemmas. Many chapters in this unique book also provide significant clinical information as well as conceptual analysis. The Politics of Pregnancy offers great diversity in terms of the disciplinary backgrounds of the authors and their ideological perspectives. Authors come from many fields, including sociology, political science, pediatrics, ethics, and psychiatry, and provide diverse, sometimes opposing, analytical positions. Some of the topics they debate include: maternal substance use during pregnancy prenatal technology pregnancy and workplace hazards court-ordered obstetrical intervention fetal experimentation Readers interested in public and health care policy, nursing, feminism, pediatrics, or ethics, will find The Politics of Pregnancy to be a stimulating and thought-provoking book. This volume also makes an excellent discussion tool for graduate courses in these areas.

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Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

The 13 essays in this book demonstrate that pregnancy is more than a personal moral issue. Instead, reproductive questions are inevitably public policy concerns shaped by changing medical, technological, political, and legal forces. Written from a multidisciplinary perspective, this book raises numerous questions. For example, what are the respective rights of the fetus versus the mother, and how do workplace policies meant to protect the former conflict with the rights of the latter? What moral and legal duties do pregnant women have, and can they be prosecuted if they smoke, drink, take drugs, or fail to seek medical attention? Under what conditions, if at all, is in utero experimentation permitted, and how do recent state and federal court decisions affect not just abortion but surrogate motherhood, forced medical care for mothers, and workplace rights for pregnant women? The essays explore answers to these and other questions while also investigating major medical and biological issues often overlooked in the news. The result is a fascinating review of the debate surrounding reproduction in the US. All levels. D. Schultz formerly, Trinity University

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