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Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians.

By: Vickers, William T.
Contributor(s): Hames, Raymond B.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.Publisher: Saint Louis : Elsevier Science, 2014Copyright date: ©1983Description: 1 online resource (535 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781483294230.Subject(s): Amazon River Valley -- Social conditions | Human ecology -- Amazon River Valley | Indians of South America -- Amazon River Valley -- Social conditions | Indians of South America -- Amazon River Valley -- Social life and customsGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Adaptive Responses of Native AmazoniansDDC classification: 305.89 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Front Cover -- Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Contributors -- Preface -- CHAPTER 1. Introduction -- Introduction -- Some Characteristics of Amazonian Ecosystems -- Environmental Models of Amazonian Sociocultural Evolution -- Environmental Models of Amazonian Adaptive Behavior -- The Problem of Adaptation -- Part I: Cultivation -- CHAPTER 2. Machiguenga Gardens -- Introduction -- Garden Making -- Planting -- Weeding -- Harvest -- The Life Cycle of a Garden -- Input-Output -- Conclusion -- Notes -- CHAPTER 3. The Cultivation of Manioc among the Kuikuru of the Upper Xingú -- Introduction -- The Habitat -- Clearing the Forest -- Plot Characteristics -- Planting -- Crop Care -- Overall Cycle of Cultivation -- Harvesting -- The Processing of Manioc -- Varieties of Manioc -- Storage -- Manioc and the Supernatural -- Abandonment and Reforestation -- Overview and Interpretation -- Notes -- CHAPTER 4. Adaptive Strategies of Wakuenai People to the Oligotrophic Rain Forest of the Rio Negro Basin -- Introduction -- The Rio Negro Basin -- The Rio Negro Population -- Uxorilocal Residence: Father-in-Law Leadership in Economic Production -- Patrilocal/Uxorilocal Residence: Father-in-Law Leadership in Horizontal/Vertical Integration -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- Part II: Hunting and Fishing -- CHAPTER 5. Neotropical Hunting among the Ache of Eastern Paraguay -- Introduction -- Environmental and Historical Background -- Ecology and Area of Study -- Prey Species and Hunting Techniques -- Daily Hunting Routine -- Data Collection -- Time Allocation for Subsistence -- Hunting Returns and Comparison of Technologies -- The Optimal Diet Model and Hunting Strategy -- Variance in Hunting Returns between Individuals and Age Groups -- Band Size and Hunting Returns -- Pursuit Group Size.
Summary and Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 6. Shotguns, Blowguns, and Spears: The Analysis of Technological Efficiency -- Introduction -- Relevant Environmental and Cultural Features -- Hunting Behavior and Technology -- Data Collection -- The Kill and Its Meaning -- Impact of the Shotgun -- Comparison of the Blowgun to the Bow -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 7. Why Do the Mekranoti Trek? -- Introduction -- Explanations for Trekking -- Cross-Cultural Tests -- Conclusion -- Note -- CHAPTER 8. Cocamilla Fishing: Patch Modification and Environmental Buffering in the Amazon Várzea -- Introduction -- Theoretical Background -- Data Collection -- Historical Background of the Cocamilla -- The Ecological Context -- Fishing Sites and Techniques -- Techniques and Personnel Involved in Lake Fishing -- Storage of Fish -- Buffering Environmental Fluctuations -- Gross Fishing Production -- Discussion -- Summary and Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 9. Carpe Diem: An Optimal Foraging Approach to Bari Fishing and Hunting -- Introduction -- Theoretical Background -- Methods and Findings -- Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- CHAPTER 10. Adaptation and Ethnozoological Classification: Theoretical Implications of Animal Resources and Diet of the Aguaruna and Huambisa -- Introduction -- The Setting -- Research Sites -- Data Base -- Sketch of Aguaruna and Huambisa Ethnozoology -- Animal Consumption Patterns -- Comparative Patterns of Animal Utilization -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- Part III: Nutrition -- CHAPTER 11. Nutrition in the Northwest Amazon: Household Dietary Intake and Time-Energy Expenditure -- Introduction -- Background -- PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT -- FOOD RESOURCES -- Data Collection -- Results -- HOUSEHOLD FOOD SUPPLIES -- SOURCES OF FOOD ENERGY AND PROTEIN.
ADEQUACY OF ENERGY AND PROTEIN INTAKES -- TIME AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE OF HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS -- Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 12. Seasonal Factors in Subsistence, Nutrition, and Child Growth in a Central Brazilian Indian Community -- Introduction -- The Study Community -- Subsistence Practices -- Health and Growth -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- IV: Settlement Pattern -- CHAPTER 13. The Settlement Pattern of a Yanomamö Population Bloc: A Behavioral Ecological Interpretation -- Introduction -- Components of Settlement Pattern -- The Haiyamo Population Bloc -- Discussion -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- CHAPTER 14. Village Movement in Relation to Resources in Amazonia -- Introduction -- Central Brazilian Settlement Pattern -- Garden Soil Depletion -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 15. The Territorial Dimensions of Siona-Secoya and Encahellado Adaptation -- Introduction -- The Modem Settlement -- Patterns of Resource Use -- Historical Data on Western Tucanoan Settlement Patterns -- Resource Allocation and Maintenance -- The Question of Territorial Defense -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- References -- Index.
Summary: Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians.
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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
Online
F2230.1.S68 -- .A3 1983 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1875413 Available EBC1875413

Front Cover -- Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Contributors -- Preface -- CHAPTER 1. Introduction -- Introduction -- Some Characteristics of Amazonian Ecosystems -- Environmental Models of Amazonian Sociocultural Evolution -- Environmental Models of Amazonian Adaptive Behavior -- The Problem of Adaptation -- Part I: Cultivation -- CHAPTER 2. Machiguenga Gardens -- Introduction -- Garden Making -- Planting -- Weeding -- Harvest -- The Life Cycle of a Garden -- Input-Output -- Conclusion -- Notes -- CHAPTER 3. The Cultivation of Manioc among the Kuikuru of the Upper Xingú -- Introduction -- The Habitat -- Clearing the Forest -- Plot Characteristics -- Planting -- Crop Care -- Overall Cycle of Cultivation -- Harvesting -- The Processing of Manioc -- Varieties of Manioc -- Storage -- Manioc and the Supernatural -- Abandonment and Reforestation -- Overview and Interpretation -- Notes -- CHAPTER 4. Adaptive Strategies of Wakuenai People to the Oligotrophic Rain Forest of the Rio Negro Basin -- Introduction -- The Rio Negro Basin -- The Rio Negro Population -- Uxorilocal Residence: Father-in-Law Leadership in Economic Production -- Patrilocal/Uxorilocal Residence: Father-in-Law Leadership in Horizontal/Vertical Integration -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- Part II: Hunting and Fishing -- CHAPTER 5. Neotropical Hunting among the Ache of Eastern Paraguay -- Introduction -- Environmental and Historical Background -- Ecology and Area of Study -- Prey Species and Hunting Techniques -- Daily Hunting Routine -- Data Collection -- Time Allocation for Subsistence -- Hunting Returns and Comparison of Technologies -- The Optimal Diet Model and Hunting Strategy -- Variance in Hunting Returns between Individuals and Age Groups -- Band Size and Hunting Returns -- Pursuit Group Size.

Summary and Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 6. Shotguns, Blowguns, and Spears: The Analysis of Technological Efficiency -- Introduction -- Relevant Environmental and Cultural Features -- Hunting Behavior and Technology -- Data Collection -- The Kill and Its Meaning -- Impact of the Shotgun -- Comparison of the Blowgun to the Bow -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 7. Why Do the Mekranoti Trek? -- Introduction -- Explanations for Trekking -- Cross-Cultural Tests -- Conclusion -- Note -- CHAPTER 8. Cocamilla Fishing: Patch Modification and Environmental Buffering in the Amazon Várzea -- Introduction -- Theoretical Background -- Data Collection -- Historical Background of the Cocamilla -- The Ecological Context -- Fishing Sites and Techniques -- Techniques and Personnel Involved in Lake Fishing -- Storage of Fish -- Buffering Environmental Fluctuations -- Gross Fishing Production -- Discussion -- Summary and Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 9. Carpe Diem: An Optimal Foraging Approach to Bari Fishing and Hunting -- Introduction -- Theoretical Background -- Methods and Findings -- Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- CHAPTER 10. Adaptation and Ethnozoological Classification: Theoretical Implications of Animal Resources and Diet of the Aguaruna and Huambisa -- Introduction -- The Setting -- Research Sites -- Data Base -- Sketch of Aguaruna and Huambisa Ethnozoology -- Animal Consumption Patterns -- Comparative Patterns of Animal Utilization -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- Part III: Nutrition -- CHAPTER 11. Nutrition in the Northwest Amazon: Household Dietary Intake and Time-Energy Expenditure -- Introduction -- Background -- PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT -- FOOD RESOURCES -- Data Collection -- Results -- HOUSEHOLD FOOD SUPPLIES -- SOURCES OF FOOD ENERGY AND PROTEIN.

ADEQUACY OF ENERGY AND PROTEIN INTAKES -- TIME AND ENERGY EXPENDITURE OF HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS -- Discussion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 12. Seasonal Factors in Subsistence, Nutrition, and Child Growth in a Central Brazilian Indian Community -- Introduction -- The Study Community -- Subsistence Practices -- Health and Growth -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- IV: Settlement Pattern -- CHAPTER 13. The Settlement Pattern of a Yanomamö Population Bloc: A Behavioral Ecological Interpretation -- Introduction -- Components of Settlement Pattern -- The Haiyamo Population Bloc -- Discussion -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- CHAPTER 14. Village Movement in Relation to Resources in Amazonia -- Introduction -- Central Brazilian Settlement Pattern -- Garden Soil Depletion -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- CHAPTER 15. The Territorial Dimensions of Siona-Secoya and Encahellado Adaptation -- Introduction -- The Modem Settlement -- Patterns of Resource Use -- Historical Data on Western Tucanoan Settlement Patterns -- Resource Allocation and Maintenance -- The Question of Territorial Defense -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- References -- Index.

Adaptive Responses of Native Amazonians.

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