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Anthropology and the Public Interest : Fieldwork and Theory.

By: Reeves Sanday, Peggy.
Material type: TextTextPublisher: Saint Louis : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2014Copyright date: ©1976Description: 1 online resource (392 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781483270395.Subject(s): Applied anthropology | United States -- Social conditions -- 1960-1980 | United States -- Social policyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Anthropology and the Public Interest : Fieldwork and TheoryDDC classification: 309 Online resources: Click here to view book
Contents:
Front Cover -- Anthropology and the Public Interest: Fieldwork and Theory -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- List of Contributors -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Part I: Anthropologists' Role -- Chapter 1. Some Reflections on the Contributions of Anthropologists to Public Policy -- INTRODUCTION -- POLICY-RELATED RESEARCH IN OUR PAST -- TYPES OF POLICY-RELATED PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY -- PROBLEMS AND FRUSTRATIONS -- OPPORTUNITIES FOR CLARIFICATION -- Chapter 2. Intercultural Expertise and Public Policy -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 3. The Past, the Present, the Future: Public Policy as a Dynamic Interface -- Chapter 4. Training Anthropologists for Effective Roles in Public Policy -- Part II: The U.S. Public Culture: Attitudes, Themes, and Behavior -- Chapter 5. A Sense of Success: Heredity, Intelligence, and Race in American History and Culture -- HEREDITARIAN THOUGHT AND EUROPEAN EXPANSION -- ENGLISH ASSESSMENTS OF AFRICANS -- ANGLO-AMERICAN ASSESSMENTS OF AFRO-AMERICANS -- CHANGE AND PERMANENCE IN AMERICAN CULTURE -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 6. Cultural and Structural Pluralism in the United States -- CAN THE SCHOOLS MAKE A DIFFERENCE? -- IMPACT OF SOCIAL SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE ON SCHOOL LEGISLATION -- MEANING AND USE OF THE CONCEPTS CULTURAL AND STRUCTURAL PLURALISM IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES -- CULTURAL PLURALISM IN THE UNITED STATES -- STRUCTURAL PLURALISM IN THE UNITED STATES -- STRATEGIES FOR CHANGE -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 7. The Cultural Context of American Education -- THE CULTURAL CONTEXT OF AMERICAN EDUCATION -- DISCUSSION: A SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS APPROACH TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS -- CONCLUSION -- APPENDIX: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF VARIABLES USED IN TABLE 7.1 -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 8. Dropping Out: A Strategy for Coping with Cultural Pluralism -- SOME BEHAVIORAL CONSEQUENCES OF CULTURAL PLURALISM.
THE EFFECTS OF CULTURAL PLURALISM ON THE SCHOOL BEHAVIOR OF PUERTO RICAN CHILDREN -- PROCEDURE -- RESULTS -- DISCUSSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 9. Gatekeeping Encounters: A Social Selection Process -- INTRODUCTION -- THE FIELDWORK EXPERIENCE: DISCOVERING THE GATEKEEPING ENCOUNTER -- COLLECTING EVIDENCE ON GATEKEEPING ENCOUNTERS -- CONVERTING RAW DATA INTO EVIDENCE -- ASYMMETRY SEGMENTS CODE -- IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AND FOR THE CUMULATION OF LARGER SAMPLES -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 10. Two Theories of Discrimination -- INTRODUCTION -- DEFINITIONS -- EMPLOYER DISCRIMINATION: A TRADITIONAL VIEW -- INTERPERSONAL COMPARISONS OF UTILITY -- EMPLOYER DISCRIMINATION: INTERDEPENDENT UTILITIES -- DISCRIMINATION MODELS -- EMPLOYEE DISCRIMINATION -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 11. The Plight of the Ethnic Candidate: A Spatial Analysis -- INTRODUCTION -- THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS -- A MODEL OF ETHNIC POLITICS -- IMPLICATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS -- APPENDIX -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 12. The ERA: Law, Custom, and Change -- THE ARGUMENTS -- ASSUMPTIONS UNDERLYING ANTI-ERA ARGUMENTS -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 13. Economically Cooperating Units in an Urban Black Community -- INTRODUCTION -- SETTING -- THE STRUCTURE OF ECONOMICALLY COOPERATING UNITS -- THE FUNCTIONS OF RECIPROCITY -- CONCLUSIONS: THE FUNCTIONS OF POVERTY IN A COMPLEX SOCIETY -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 14. Policy Planning and Poverty: Notes on a Mexican Case -- INTRODUCTION -- THE MEXICAN RESEARCH -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Part Ill: The Issues of Language -- Chapter 15. The Language Debate: Education in First or Second Language? -- INTRODUCTION -- A REVIEW OF THE MAJOR ISSUES -- EMPIRICAL COMPARISONS OF THE TWO APPROACHES -- SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES.
Chapter 16. Language, Communication, and Public Negotiation -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 17. National Policy Programming: A Prototype Model from Language Planning -- INTRODUCTION AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND -- AN OPTIMIZATION MODEL: THE CASE STUDY -- A PROTOTYPE MODEL -- POSTOPTIMALITY ANALYSIS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Part IV: Government and Policy -- Chapter 18. Behavioral Simulation as a Tool for the Analysis of Policy Problems -- INTRODUCTION -- SIMULATION OF THE BUDGETARY PROCESS -- A BEHAVIORAL SIMULATION OF CHANGES IN A ZONING ORDINANCE -- INTRODUCTION TO THE SIMULATION OF THE GRANTING OF BROADCAST LICENSES -- A SKETCH OF THE BEHAVIORAL SIMULATION -- SIMULATION PARAMETERS AND WEIGHTS -- SIMULATION PERFORMANCE: PREFERENCES AND DECISIONS -- CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE FCC SIMULATION -- CONCLUDING REMARKS ON BEHAVIORAL SIMULATION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 19. Social Indicators: A Focus for the Social Sciences -- SOCIAL INDICATORS: A FOCUS ON MEASUREMENT -- SOCIAL INDICATORS AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES -- REFERENCES -- Author Index -- Subject Index.
Summary: Anthropology and the Public Interest: Field work and Theory provides an understanding of how culture affects human lives, and uses this understanding in formulating and implementing domestic social policy. This book defines basic research as contributing to theory, knowledge, and method that contributes to the advancement of social science. Organized into four parts encompassing 19 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the greatest potential payoff for the advancement of social science and for enlightened social programming. This text then presents an insightful discussion of why cultural differences among people have gone so largely unrecognized. Other chapters consider the cultural or language processes of contemporary U.S. populations. This book discusses as well the changing environment that gave rise to the tremendous growth in academic anthropology. The final chapter deals with social indicators research and discusses the potential role of anthropology in such work. This book is a valuable resource for anthropologists.
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Item type Current location Call number URL Status Date due Barcode
Electronic Book UT Tyler Online
Online
HN65 -- .A695 1976 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1882776 Available EBC1882776

Front Cover -- Anthropology and the Public Interest: Fieldwork and Theory -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- List of Contributors -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Part I: Anthropologists' Role -- Chapter 1. Some Reflections on the Contributions of Anthropologists to Public Policy -- INTRODUCTION -- POLICY-RELATED RESEARCH IN OUR PAST -- TYPES OF POLICY-RELATED PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY -- PROBLEMS AND FRUSTRATIONS -- OPPORTUNITIES FOR CLARIFICATION -- Chapter 2. Intercultural Expertise and Public Policy -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 3. The Past, the Present, the Future: Public Policy as a Dynamic Interface -- Chapter 4. Training Anthropologists for Effective Roles in Public Policy -- Part II: The U.S. Public Culture: Attitudes, Themes, and Behavior -- Chapter 5. A Sense of Success: Heredity, Intelligence, and Race in American History and Culture -- HEREDITARIAN THOUGHT AND EUROPEAN EXPANSION -- ENGLISH ASSESSMENTS OF AFRICANS -- ANGLO-AMERICAN ASSESSMENTS OF AFRO-AMERICANS -- CHANGE AND PERMANENCE IN AMERICAN CULTURE -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 6. Cultural and Structural Pluralism in the United States -- CAN THE SCHOOLS MAKE A DIFFERENCE? -- IMPACT OF SOCIAL SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE ON SCHOOL LEGISLATION -- MEANING AND USE OF THE CONCEPTS CULTURAL AND STRUCTURAL PLURALISM IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES -- CULTURAL PLURALISM IN THE UNITED STATES -- STRUCTURAL PLURALISM IN THE UNITED STATES -- STRATEGIES FOR CHANGE -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 7. The Cultural Context of American Education -- THE CULTURAL CONTEXT OF AMERICAN EDUCATION -- DISCUSSION: A SIMULTANEOUS EQUATIONS APPROACH TO THE ANALYSIS OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS -- CONCLUSION -- APPENDIX: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF VARIABLES USED IN TABLE 7.1 -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 8. Dropping Out: A Strategy for Coping with Cultural Pluralism -- SOME BEHAVIORAL CONSEQUENCES OF CULTURAL PLURALISM.

THE EFFECTS OF CULTURAL PLURALISM ON THE SCHOOL BEHAVIOR OF PUERTO RICAN CHILDREN -- PROCEDURE -- RESULTS -- DISCUSSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 9. Gatekeeping Encounters: A Social Selection Process -- INTRODUCTION -- THE FIELDWORK EXPERIENCE: DISCOVERING THE GATEKEEPING ENCOUNTER -- COLLECTING EVIDENCE ON GATEKEEPING ENCOUNTERS -- CONVERTING RAW DATA INTO EVIDENCE -- ASYMMETRY SEGMENTS CODE -- IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AND FOR THE CUMULATION OF LARGER SAMPLES -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 10. Two Theories of Discrimination -- INTRODUCTION -- DEFINITIONS -- EMPLOYER DISCRIMINATION: A TRADITIONAL VIEW -- INTERPERSONAL COMPARISONS OF UTILITY -- EMPLOYER DISCRIMINATION: INTERDEPENDENT UTILITIES -- DISCRIMINATION MODELS -- EMPLOYEE DISCRIMINATION -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 11. The Plight of the Ethnic Candidate: A Spatial Analysis -- INTRODUCTION -- THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS -- A MODEL OF ETHNIC POLITICS -- IMPLICATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS -- APPENDIX -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 12. The ERA: Law, Custom, and Change -- THE ARGUMENTS -- ASSUMPTIONS UNDERLYING ANTI-ERA ARGUMENTS -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 13. Economically Cooperating Units in an Urban Black Community -- INTRODUCTION -- SETTING -- THE STRUCTURE OF ECONOMICALLY COOPERATING UNITS -- THE FUNCTIONS OF RECIPROCITY -- CONCLUSIONS: THE FUNCTIONS OF POVERTY IN A COMPLEX SOCIETY -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 14. Policy Planning and Poverty: Notes on a Mexican Case -- INTRODUCTION -- THE MEXICAN RESEARCH -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Part Ill: The Issues of Language -- Chapter 15. The Language Debate: Education in First or Second Language? -- INTRODUCTION -- A REVIEW OF THE MAJOR ISSUES -- EMPIRICAL COMPARISONS OF THE TWO APPROACHES -- SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES.

Chapter 16. Language, Communication, and Public Negotiation -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 17. National Policy Programming: A Prototype Model from Language Planning -- INTRODUCTION AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND -- AN OPTIMIZATION MODEL: THE CASE STUDY -- A PROTOTYPE MODEL -- POSTOPTIMALITY ANALYSIS -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Part IV: Government and Policy -- Chapter 18. Behavioral Simulation as a Tool for the Analysis of Policy Problems -- INTRODUCTION -- SIMULATION OF THE BUDGETARY PROCESS -- A BEHAVIORAL SIMULATION OF CHANGES IN A ZONING ORDINANCE -- INTRODUCTION TO THE SIMULATION OF THE GRANTING OF BROADCAST LICENSES -- A SKETCH OF THE BEHAVIORAL SIMULATION -- SIMULATION PARAMETERS AND WEIGHTS -- SIMULATION PERFORMANCE: PREFERENCES AND DECISIONS -- CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE FCC SIMULATION -- CONCLUDING REMARKS ON BEHAVIORAL SIMULATION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 19. Social Indicators: A Focus for the Social Sciences -- SOCIAL INDICATORS: A FOCUS ON MEASUREMENT -- SOCIAL INDICATORS AND THE SOCIAL SCIENCES -- REFERENCES -- Author Index -- Subject Index.

Anthropology and the Public Interest: Field work and Theory provides an understanding of how culture affects human lives, and uses this understanding in formulating and implementing domestic social policy. This book defines basic research as contributing to theory, knowledge, and method that contributes to the advancement of social science. Organized into four parts encompassing 19 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the greatest potential payoff for the advancement of social science and for enlightened social programming. This text then presents an insightful discussion of why cultural differences among people have gone so largely unrecognized. Other chapters consider the cultural or language processes of contemporary U.S. populations. This book discusses as well the changing environment that gave rise to the tremendous growth in academic anthropology. The final chapter deals with social indicators research and discusses the potential role of anthropology in such work. This book is a valuable resource for anthropologists.

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