Of Mice and Women : Aspects of Female Aggression.

By: Bjorkqvist, KajContributor(s): Niemela, PirkkoMaterial type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on DemandPublisher: Saint Louis : Elsevier Science, 2014Copyright date: ©1992Description: 1 online resource (439 pages)Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781483288161Subject(s): Aggressive behavior in animals | Aggressiveness | Women -- PsychologyGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: Of Mice and Women : Aspects of Female AggressionDDC classification: 155.232 LOC classification: HQ1206 -- .O3 1992Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Front Cover -- Of Mice and Women: Aspects of Female Aggression -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Contributors -- Preface -- PART I: THE MYTH OF THE NONAGGRESSIVE FEMALE -- Chapter 1. New Trends in the Study of Female Aggression -- I. INTRODUCTION: THE PHENOMENA OF "FEMALE AGGRESSION" -- II. FEMALE AGGRESSION: DEFINITION AND FORMS -- III. THE "MALE" PERSPECTIVE -- IV. THE DANGER OF ETHNOCENTRISM -- V. THE PROBLEM OF METHODOLOGY -- VI. RECENT STUDIES: METHODOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL CHANGE -- VII. AN EMERGING PERSPECTIVE -- VIII. ARE MALES MORE AGGRESSIVE THAN FEMALES? -- IX. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 2. Biology Does Not Make Men More Aggressive Than Women -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. A POLITICALLY USEFUL MYTH -- III. INSTITUTIONAL IS DIFFERENT FROM INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR -- IV. MALE ANIMALS ARE NOT CONSISTENTLY MORE AGGRESSIVE THAN FEMALES -- V. THE COMPLEX RELATION OF HUMAN AGGRESSION TO ANIMAL AGGRESSION -- VI. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 3. The Aggressive Female Rodent: Redressing a "Scientific" Bias -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. SPECIES -- III. CONCLUDING COMMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 4. Hormones and Human Aggression -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. ORGANIZING INFLUENCES OF TESTOSTERONE -- III. PUBERTY -- IV. TESTOSTERONE AND ADULT AGGRESSION -- V. DISCUSSION -- VI. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- PART II: THE DEVELOPMENT OF FEMALE AGGRESSIVE PATTERNS -- Chapter 5. The Development of Direct and Indirect Aggressive Strategies in Males and Females -- I. INDIRECT AGGRESSION: CONCEPTIONS AND MISCONCEPTIONS -- II. WHY HAS INDIRECT AGGRESSION NOT BEEN INVESTIGATED? -- III. THE RESEARCH TOOL -- IV. SEX DIFFERENCES IN AGGRESSIVE STYLES DURING ADOLESCENCE -- V. A DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY OF AGGRESSIVE STRATEGIES -- VI. TWO KINDS OF COVERED AGGRESSION DURING ADULTHOOD -- VII. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES.
Chapter 6. Sex Differences in Aggressive Play and Toy Preference -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. CONSEQUENCES OF SEX-DIFFERENTIATED PLAY -- III. ORIGINS OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN PLAY -- IV. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 7. Differing Normative Beliefs about Aggression for Boys and Girls -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. METHOD -- III. RESULTS -- IV. DISCUSSION -- V. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 8. Gender Differences in Violence: Biology and/or Socialization? -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. THE TWO STUDIES -- III. FINDINGS -- IV. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 9. Changes in Patterns of Aggressiveness among Finnish Girls over a Decade -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. QUANTITATIVE DIFFERENCES IN AGGRESSIVENESS BETWEEN GIRLS AND BOYS -- III. CHANGES IN GIRLS' AGGRESSIVENESS IN THE EARLY 1990S -- IV. DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 10. Patterns of Aggressive-Hostile Behavior Orientation among Adolescent Boys and Girls -- I. CONTEXT AND QUESTIONS -- II. MAIN RESULTS -- III. FINAL REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 11. The Path to Adulthood for Aggressively Inclined Girls -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. ARE THERE GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE STABILITY OF AGGRESSION? -- III. ARE THERE GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE PATTERNS OF ADJUSTMENT? -- IV. DISCONTINUITY IN FEMALE AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR -- V. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 12. Gender Differences in Coronary-Prone Aggression -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. COLLECTION OF THE PRESENT DATA -- III. EVIDENCE SUPPORTING THE HARMLESS EFFECT OF AGGRESSION IN BOYS AND THE RISK EFFECT IN GIRLS -- IV. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 13. Expressions of Aggression in the Life Stories of Aged Women -- I. WAY OF LIFE AND LIFE HISTORY RESEARCH -- II. THE COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF LIFE STORIES -- III. SOCIETY AND FAMILY AS THE SOURCES OF AGGRESSION -- IV. A LIFE WITHOUT AGGRESSION -- V. DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES.
PART III: CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN REGARD TO FEMALE AGGRESSION -- Chapter 14. Matrifocality and Female Aggression in Margariteño Society -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. ETHNOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND -- III. THE FORMS AND CONTEXTS OF FEMALE AGGRESSION -- IV. FEMALE SEX-ROLE BEHAVIOR AND AGGRESSION -- V. MATRIFOCALITY AND FEMALE AGGRESSION -- VI. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 15. Interfemale Aggression and Resource Scarcity in a Cross-Cultural Perspective -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. SOCIAL FORMATIONS, RESOURCE CONTROL, AND GENDER -- III. AGGRESSION AND GENDER -- IV. AIM OF THE STUDY -- V. ONE-ON-ONE AGGRESSION IN PREMODERN AND MODERN ZAMBIA -- VI. INTERGROUP AGGRESSION BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASSES IN MODERN ZAMBIA -- VII. ONE-ON-ONE AGGRESSION IN TRADITIONAL CHINA -- VIII. INTERGROUP AGGRESSION IN REVOLUTIONARY CHINA -- IX. ZAMBIA AND CHINA COMPARED -- X. CONCLUSION: CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 16. "Women Are Women and Men Are Men": How Bellonese Women Get Even -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. A BRIEF HISTORY OF BELLONA -- III. THE SOCIAL POSITION OF WOMEN ON BELLONA -- IV. BELLONESE WOMEN'S ACTION POTENTIALS -- V. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 17. Female Aggression among the Zapotec of Oaxaca, Mexico -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. DEFENSE OF THE COMMUNITY -- III. POLITICAL VIOLENCE -- IV. AGGRESSION DURING THE REVOLUTION -- V. INTERPERSONAL HOMICIDES -- VI. PHYSICAL AGGRESSION -- VII. APPEAL TO AUTHORITIES -- VIII. PHYSICAL PUNISHMENT OF CHILDREN -- IX. VERBAL AGGRESSION -- X. INDIRECT AGGRESSION: GOSSIP AND WITCHCRAFT -- XI. CHILDREN'S AGGRESSION -- XII. DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 18. Lady Macbeth as a Problem for Shakespeare -- I. MACBETH WAS A VIKING -- II. THE WITCHES WERE NORDIC NORNS -- III. A GUESS THAT LADY MACBETH IS A VIKING WOMAN -- IV. IS THE GUESS FOUL OR FAIR? -- REFERENCES.
PART IV: FEMALE AGGRESSION AND ITS SOCIAL SETTINGS -- Chapter 19. Sex and Violence on Acali: Six Females and Five Males Isolated on a Raft on the Atlantic and the Caribbean for 101 Days -- I. INTRODUCTION: DISSATISFACTION AND AGGRESSION, SEX AND VIOLENCE -- II. THE RAFT LABORATORY -- III. SEX -- IV. SEX AND FRICTION, CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE -- V. SEX AND VIOLENCE ON ACALI: THE HYPOTHESIS -- VI. SEX AND VIOLENCE ON ACALI: THE EVIDENCE -- VII. DISCUSSION AND DISCUSSIONS OF SEX AND VIOLENCE ON ACALI -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 20. Sex Differences in Conflict and Aggression in Individual and Group Settings -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE -- III. SEX DIFFERENCES IN CONFLICT AND AGGRESSION -- IV. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 21. The Other Sex: How Are Women Different? Gender, Dominance, and Intimate Relations in Social Interaction -- I. THE INVISIBLE SEX -- II. THE PASSIVE SEX -- III. THREE STUDIES ON SOCIAL INTERACTION -- IV. DOMINANCE AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE IN SEX-TYPED BEHAVIOR -- V. THE NONVERBAL RESIDUAL -- VI. SOCIAL CONTEXT: THE INHERENT LOGIC OF THE RELATIONSHIP -- VII. CONCLUSIONS: HOW ARE WOMEN DIFFERENT? -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 22. Alcohol and Female Disinhibition -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. ANXIETY -- III. SEXUALITY -- IV. AGGRESSION -- V. GENERAL PERSPECTIVE -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 23. Battling Amazons: Responses to Female Fighters -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. METHOD -- III. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- PART V: THE AMBIVALENCE OF MOTHERHOOD -- Chapter 24. The Great Mother -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. MOTHERHOOD AND FEMININITY -- III. THE PRIMORDIAL UNITY -- IV. THE GREAT MOTHER -- V. THE SLAYING OF THE MOTHER -- VI. THE SPLITTING OF THE MOTHER ARCHETYPE: CONTEMPORARY CULTURE AND THE PSYCHOANALYSIS OF PATRIARCHY -- VII. CONCLUDING COMMENTS: ACCEPTING AND REJECTING THE SPLITTING OF THE ARCHETYPE -- REFERENCES.
Chapter 25. Vicissitudes of Mother's Hate -- I. PROCESSING AMBIVALENCE -- II. OBSTACLES TO PROCESSING -- III. EXPRESSIONS OF MOTHER'S HATE -- IV. EFFECTS OF MOTHER'S DENIAL OF HATE ON HER CHILD -- V. DEFENSIVE HINDERING VERSUS EMOTIONAL PROCESSING -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 26. Vampire and Child Savior Motifs in the Tales oflsak Dinesen -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. THE VAMPIRE IN HISTORY, MYTHOLOGY, AND LITERATURE -- III. PALLEGRINA LEONI, THE EMBODIMENT OF THE ARCHETYPE -- IV. IMAGES OF THE CHILD SAVIOR -- REFERENCES -- PART VI: FEMALE AGGRESSION IN SUBHUMAN SPECIES -- Chapter 27. Female Aggression among the Great Apes: A Psychoanalytic Perspective -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. THE OBJECTS OF THE STUDY -- III. RESEARCH APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY -- IV. THE NATURE OF AGGRESSION IN THE GREAT APES -- V. ORALITY IN THE FEMALE -- VI. FROM POLYGAMY TO MONOGAMY -- VII. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 28. Aggression in Canine Females -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. AGGRESSION IN CANINE FEMALES -- III. THE EXPRESSION OF AGONISTIC BEHAVIOR IN RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PUPPIES AND HUMANS -- IV APPLICATIONS TO HUMAN AFFAIRS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 29. Sexy Drugs, and Defensive Behavior: Implications for Animal Models of Defense -- I. SEX DIFFERENCES IN ANTIPREDATOR DEFENSIVE BEHAVIORS -- II. SEX DIFFERENCES: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE BIOLOGICAL BASES OF DEFENSE -- III. IMPLICATIONS OF SEX DIFFERENCES FOR ANIMAL MODELS OF DEFENSIVE BEHAVIOR -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 30. Aggression and Aggressiveness in Female Golden Hamsters: The Attack Priming Effect as Tour Guide to the Central Mechanisms of Aggression -- I. FIRST STEPS -- II. PHENOMENA THAT MAY BE EXPLICABLE IN TERMS OF AGGRESSIVE AROUSAL: THE PROMISED LAND -- III. IN SEARCH OF THE NEURAL FLYWHEEL -- IV. YOU CAN'T GET THERE FROM HERE: CIRCUMPERAMBULATIONS, DIGRESSIONS, AND DEAD ENDS.
V STUDIES OF AGGRESSIVE AROUSAL IN HAMSTERS AND RATS: ON THE YELLOW BRICK ROAD.
Summary: This book is a comprehensive compilation and discussion of research findings on female aggression from anthropology, social psychology, animal research, case studies, and representations in literature. This multidisciplinary approach will address such questions as: 'Are females less aggressive than males?' 'Is female aggressive behavior perhaps quantitatively, different than male aggressive behavior?' The book also discusses patterns of agression, the role of hormones in aggression, cultural differences, and how human aggression differs from aggression within animal species.
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HQ1206 -- .G434 2014 Tapping the Wisdom That Surrounds You : HQ1206 -- .G767 2015 The Psychological Development of Girls and Women : HQ1206 -- .H833 2016 Fiercely You : HQ1206 -- .O3 1992 Of Mice and Women : HQ1206 .A868 2005eb Women''s Aggressive Fantasies : HQ1206 .B74 2020 Breasts across motherhood : HQ1206 .B795 2011 Creative conformity :

Front Cover -- Of Mice and Women: Aspects of Female Aggression -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- Contributors -- Preface -- PART I: THE MYTH OF THE NONAGGRESSIVE FEMALE -- Chapter 1. New Trends in the Study of Female Aggression -- I. INTRODUCTION: THE PHENOMENA OF "FEMALE AGGRESSION" -- II. FEMALE AGGRESSION: DEFINITION AND FORMS -- III. THE "MALE" PERSPECTIVE -- IV. THE DANGER OF ETHNOCENTRISM -- V. THE PROBLEM OF METHODOLOGY -- VI. RECENT STUDIES: METHODOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL CHANGE -- VII. AN EMERGING PERSPECTIVE -- VIII. ARE MALES MORE AGGRESSIVE THAN FEMALES? -- IX. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 2. Biology Does Not Make Men More Aggressive Than Women -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. A POLITICALLY USEFUL MYTH -- III. INSTITUTIONAL IS DIFFERENT FROM INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR -- IV. MALE ANIMALS ARE NOT CONSISTENTLY MORE AGGRESSIVE THAN FEMALES -- V. THE COMPLEX RELATION OF HUMAN AGGRESSION TO ANIMAL AGGRESSION -- VI. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 3. The Aggressive Female Rodent: Redressing a "Scientific" Bias -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. SPECIES -- III. CONCLUDING COMMENTS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 4. Hormones and Human Aggression -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. ORGANIZING INFLUENCES OF TESTOSTERONE -- III. PUBERTY -- IV. TESTOSTERONE AND ADULT AGGRESSION -- V. DISCUSSION -- VI. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- PART II: THE DEVELOPMENT OF FEMALE AGGRESSIVE PATTERNS -- Chapter 5. The Development of Direct and Indirect Aggressive Strategies in Males and Females -- I. INDIRECT AGGRESSION: CONCEPTIONS AND MISCONCEPTIONS -- II. WHY HAS INDIRECT AGGRESSION NOT BEEN INVESTIGATED? -- III. THE RESEARCH TOOL -- IV. SEX DIFFERENCES IN AGGRESSIVE STYLES DURING ADOLESCENCE -- V. A DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY OF AGGRESSIVE STRATEGIES -- VI. TWO KINDS OF COVERED AGGRESSION DURING ADULTHOOD -- VII. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES.

Chapter 6. Sex Differences in Aggressive Play and Toy Preference -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. CONSEQUENCES OF SEX-DIFFERENTIATED PLAY -- III. ORIGINS OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN PLAY -- IV. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 7. Differing Normative Beliefs about Aggression for Boys and Girls -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. METHOD -- III. RESULTS -- IV. DISCUSSION -- V. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 8. Gender Differences in Violence: Biology and/or Socialization? -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. THE TWO STUDIES -- III. FINDINGS -- IV. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 9. Changes in Patterns of Aggressiveness among Finnish Girls over a Decade -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. QUANTITATIVE DIFFERENCES IN AGGRESSIVENESS BETWEEN GIRLS AND BOYS -- III. CHANGES IN GIRLS' AGGRESSIVENESS IN THE EARLY 1990S -- IV. DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 10. Patterns of Aggressive-Hostile Behavior Orientation among Adolescent Boys and Girls -- I. CONTEXT AND QUESTIONS -- II. MAIN RESULTS -- III. FINAL REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 11. The Path to Adulthood for Aggressively Inclined Girls -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. ARE THERE GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE STABILITY OF AGGRESSION? -- III. ARE THERE GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE PATTERNS OF ADJUSTMENT? -- IV. DISCONTINUITY IN FEMALE AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR -- V. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 12. Gender Differences in Coronary-Prone Aggression -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. COLLECTION OF THE PRESENT DATA -- III. EVIDENCE SUPPORTING THE HARMLESS EFFECT OF AGGRESSION IN BOYS AND THE RISK EFFECT IN GIRLS -- IV. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 13. Expressions of Aggression in the Life Stories of Aged Women -- I. WAY OF LIFE AND LIFE HISTORY RESEARCH -- II. THE COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF LIFE STORIES -- III. SOCIETY AND FAMILY AS THE SOURCES OF AGGRESSION -- IV. A LIFE WITHOUT AGGRESSION -- V. DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES.

PART III: CULTURAL DIFFERENCES IN REGARD TO FEMALE AGGRESSION -- Chapter 14. Matrifocality and Female Aggression in Margariteño Society -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. ETHNOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND -- III. THE FORMS AND CONTEXTS OF FEMALE AGGRESSION -- IV. FEMALE SEX-ROLE BEHAVIOR AND AGGRESSION -- V. MATRIFOCALITY AND FEMALE AGGRESSION -- VI. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 15. Interfemale Aggression and Resource Scarcity in a Cross-Cultural Perspective -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. SOCIAL FORMATIONS, RESOURCE CONTROL, AND GENDER -- III. AGGRESSION AND GENDER -- IV. AIM OF THE STUDY -- V. ONE-ON-ONE AGGRESSION IN PREMODERN AND MODERN ZAMBIA -- VI. INTERGROUP AGGRESSION BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASSES IN MODERN ZAMBIA -- VII. ONE-ON-ONE AGGRESSION IN TRADITIONAL CHINA -- VIII. INTERGROUP AGGRESSION IN REVOLUTIONARY CHINA -- IX. ZAMBIA AND CHINA COMPARED -- X. CONCLUSION: CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 16. "Women Are Women and Men Are Men": How Bellonese Women Get Even -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. A BRIEF HISTORY OF BELLONA -- III. THE SOCIAL POSITION OF WOMEN ON BELLONA -- IV. BELLONESE WOMEN'S ACTION POTENTIALS -- V. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 17. Female Aggression among the Zapotec of Oaxaca, Mexico -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. DEFENSE OF THE COMMUNITY -- III. POLITICAL VIOLENCE -- IV. AGGRESSION DURING THE REVOLUTION -- V. INTERPERSONAL HOMICIDES -- VI. PHYSICAL AGGRESSION -- VII. APPEAL TO AUTHORITIES -- VIII. PHYSICAL PUNISHMENT OF CHILDREN -- IX. VERBAL AGGRESSION -- X. INDIRECT AGGRESSION: GOSSIP AND WITCHCRAFT -- XI. CHILDREN'S AGGRESSION -- XII. DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 18. Lady Macbeth as a Problem for Shakespeare -- I. MACBETH WAS A VIKING -- II. THE WITCHES WERE NORDIC NORNS -- III. A GUESS THAT LADY MACBETH IS A VIKING WOMAN -- IV. IS THE GUESS FOUL OR FAIR? -- REFERENCES.

PART IV: FEMALE AGGRESSION AND ITS SOCIAL SETTINGS -- Chapter 19. Sex and Violence on Acali: Six Females and Five Males Isolated on a Raft on the Atlantic and the Caribbean for 101 Days -- I. INTRODUCTION: DISSATISFACTION AND AGGRESSION, SEX AND VIOLENCE -- II. THE RAFT LABORATORY -- III. SEX -- IV. SEX AND FRICTION, CONFLICT AND VIOLENCE -- V. SEX AND VIOLENCE ON ACALI: THE HYPOTHESIS -- VI. SEX AND VIOLENCE ON ACALI: THE EVIDENCE -- VII. DISCUSSION AND DISCUSSIONS OF SEX AND VIOLENCE ON ACALI -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 20. Sex Differences in Conflict and Aggression in Individual and Group Settings -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE -- III. SEX DIFFERENCES IN CONFLICT AND AGGRESSION -- IV. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 21. The Other Sex: How Are Women Different? Gender, Dominance, and Intimate Relations in Social Interaction -- I. THE INVISIBLE SEX -- II. THE PASSIVE SEX -- III. THREE STUDIES ON SOCIAL INTERACTION -- IV. DOMINANCE AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE IN SEX-TYPED BEHAVIOR -- V. THE NONVERBAL RESIDUAL -- VI. SOCIAL CONTEXT: THE INHERENT LOGIC OF THE RELATIONSHIP -- VII. CONCLUSIONS: HOW ARE WOMEN DIFFERENT? -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 22. Alcohol and Female Disinhibition -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. ANXIETY -- III. SEXUALITY -- IV. AGGRESSION -- V. GENERAL PERSPECTIVE -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 23. Battling Amazons: Responses to Female Fighters -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. METHOD -- III. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- PART V: THE AMBIVALENCE OF MOTHERHOOD -- Chapter 24. The Great Mother -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. MOTHERHOOD AND FEMININITY -- III. THE PRIMORDIAL UNITY -- IV. THE GREAT MOTHER -- V. THE SLAYING OF THE MOTHER -- VI. THE SPLITTING OF THE MOTHER ARCHETYPE: CONTEMPORARY CULTURE AND THE PSYCHOANALYSIS OF PATRIARCHY -- VII. CONCLUDING COMMENTS: ACCEPTING AND REJECTING THE SPLITTING OF THE ARCHETYPE -- REFERENCES.

Chapter 25. Vicissitudes of Mother's Hate -- I. PROCESSING AMBIVALENCE -- II. OBSTACLES TO PROCESSING -- III. EXPRESSIONS OF MOTHER'S HATE -- IV. EFFECTS OF MOTHER'S DENIAL OF HATE ON HER CHILD -- V. DEFENSIVE HINDERING VERSUS EMOTIONAL PROCESSING -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 26. Vampire and Child Savior Motifs in the Tales oflsak Dinesen -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. THE VAMPIRE IN HISTORY, MYTHOLOGY, AND LITERATURE -- III. PALLEGRINA LEONI, THE EMBODIMENT OF THE ARCHETYPE -- IV. IMAGES OF THE CHILD SAVIOR -- REFERENCES -- PART VI: FEMALE AGGRESSION IN SUBHUMAN SPECIES -- Chapter 27. Female Aggression among the Great Apes: A Psychoanalytic Perspective -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. THE OBJECTS OF THE STUDY -- III. RESEARCH APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY -- IV. THE NATURE OF AGGRESSION IN THE GREAT APES -- V. ORALITY IN THE FEMALE -- VI. FROM POLYGAMY TO MONOGAMY -- VII. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 28. Aggression in Canine Females -- I. INTRODUCTION -- II. AGGRESSION IN CANINE FEMALES -- III. THE EXPRESSION OF AGONISTIC BEHAVIOR IN RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PUPPIES AND HUMANS -- IV APPLICATIONS TO HUMAN AFFAIRS -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 29. Sexy Drugs, and Defensive Behavior: Implications for Animal Models of Defense -- I. SEX DIFFERENCES IN ANTIPREDATOR DEFENSIVE BEHAVIORS -- II. SEX DIFFERENCES: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE BIOLOGICAL BASES OF DEFENSE -- III. IMPLICATIONS OF SEX DIFFERENCES FOR ANIMAL MODELS OF DEFENSIVE BEHAVIOR -- REFERENCES -- Chapter 30. Aggression and Aggressiveness in Female Golden Hamsters: The Attack Priming Effect as Tour Guide to the Central Mechanisms of Aggression -- I. FIRST STEPS -- II. PHENOMENA THAT MAY BE EXPLICABLE IN TERMS OF AGGRESSIVE AROUSAL: THE PROMISED LAND -- III. IN SEARCH OF THE NEURAL FLYWHEEL -- IV. YOU CAN'T GET THERE FROM HERE: CIRCUMPERAMBULATIONS, DIGRESSIONS, AND DEAD ENDS.

V STUDIES OF AGGRESSIVE AROUSAL IN HAMSTERS AND RATS: ON THE YELLOW BRICK ROAD.

This book is a comprehensive compilation and discussion of research findings on female aggression from anthropology, social psychology, animal research, case studies, and representations in literature. This multidisciplinary approach will address such questions as: 'Are females less aggressive than males?' 'Is female aggressive behavior perhaps quantitatively, different than male aggressive behavior?' The book also discusses patterns of agression, the role of hormones in aggression, cultural differences, and how human aggression differs from aggression within animal species.

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CHOICE Review

A compilation of research articles by distinguished scientists who address questions about female aggression as viewed from the disciplines of anthropology, social psychology, animal research, psychoanalysis, and literature. Part 3, "Cultural Differences in Regard to Female Aggression," should interest all psychologists considering a reformulation of traditional psychology. However, Part 4, "Female Aggression in Subhuman Species," is limited in its implications for human beings and may detract from the interdisciplinary approach of the book. The discussion of the myth of nonaggressive females, in the introduction, is one of the strengths of this book. It would have been valuable for the editors to have shown the relationship between one major area and the next in order to integrate the new knowledge into current social-cultural structure. A good supplement in the analysis of aggression is Juanita H. Williams's Psychology of Women: Behavior in a Biosocial Context (3rd ed., 1987; 1st ed., CH, Sep'77). Scholarly journals such as Psychology of Women Quarterly also provide significant materials in this area of thought. Advanced undergraduate through professional. G. M. Greenberg; emerita, Western Michigan University

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