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IFAC Symposia Series : Automatic Control in Aerospace, 1992 : Selected Papers from the IFAC Symposium, 12th, Ottobrunn, Germany, 7-11 September 1992.

By: DeBra, D. B.
Contributor(s): Gottzein, E.
Material type: TextTextSeries: eBooks on Demand.IFAC Symposia Ser: Publisher: Kent : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2017Copyright date: ©1994Description: 1 online resource (573 pages).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781483298740.Subject(s): Airplanes -- Automatic control -- Congresses | Airplanes -- Control systems -- Congresses | Large space structures (Astronautics) -- Automatic control -- Congresses | Space vehicles -- Automatic control -- Congresses | Space vehicles -- Control systems -- CongressesGenre/Form: Electronic books.Additional physical formats: Print version:: IFAC Symposia Series : Automatic Control in Aerospace, 1992 : Selected Papers from the IFAC Symposium, 12th, Ottobrunn, Germany, 7-11 September 1992DDC classification: 629.47 Online resources: Click here to view this ebook.
Contents:
Front Cover -- Automatic Control in Aerospace 1992: Selected Papers From the 12th IFAC Symposium, Ottobrunn, Germany, 7-11 September 1992 -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- IFAC SYMPOSIUM ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL INAEROSPACE 1992 -- FOREWORD -- PRINCIPAL TOPICS -- TOWARDS A FULLY AUTOMATIC FLIGHT FORPASSENGER AIR CRAFT AND SPACE AND EARTH REFERENCE SYSTEMS -- CHAPTER 1. PARALLEL PROCESSING ARCHITECTURES FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS -- PROCESSING DEMANDS IN AIRCRAFT -- CONTROL LAW COMPLEXITY -- CURRENT CONCERNS OF AVIONICS SYSTEMS DEVELOPERS -- PARALLEL PROCESSING -- SOFTWARE PARTITIONING AND TASK ALLOCATION STRATEGIES -- EXECUTION TIME REDUCTION -- FAULT TOLERANCE -- DISTRIBUTED ARCHITECTURES AND NETWORK TOPOLOGIES -- COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES -- SMART ACTUATION -- SMART STRUCTURES -- THE FUTURE-NEURAL NETWORKS -- MODULAR AVIONICS AND INTEGRATION -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 2. GNC AND AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM SDEVELOPMENT, VALIDATION AND VERIFICATION -- 1 - INTRODUCTION -- 2 - AOCS TEST SET-UPS -- 3 - KEY ELEMENTS OF AOCS TESTS -- 4- DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION LOGICS AOCS -- 5 - TN-ORBIT EXPERIENCE RETURN -- 6-FUTURE TRENDS -- CHAPRER 3. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN AEROSPACE GUIDANCE AND CONTROL: KNOWLEDGE-BASED PILOT ASSISTANCE -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. FUNCTIONAL MODULES OF BASELINE STRUCTURE -- 3. KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION METHODS AND TECHNIQUES -- 4. STRUCTURE OF CASSY -- 5. EXPERIMENTAL TEST RESULTS -- 6. CONCLUDING REMARKS -- 7. REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 4. SPACE ROBOTICS AND MANIPULATORS: LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE PAST AND FUTURE MISSIONS AND SYSTEMS -- INTRODUCTION -- ROBOTS AND MANIPULATORS -- LESSON LEARN FROM THE PAST -- FUTURE MISSIONS AND SYSTEMS -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 5. COMMAND AND CONTROL FOR INTELLIGENT AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES: AN APPROACH EMPHASISING INTEROPERABILITY -- INTRODUCTION.
COMMAND AND CONTROL FOR AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS -- INTELLIGENT CONTROL ARCHITECTURES -- INTELLIGENT CONTROL PROCESSES -- IAV's MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUCTURES -- POLYMORPHIC ROBOT COMMAND LANGUAGE -- OBJECT ORIENTATION IN ROBOTICS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 6. DYNAMICS AND CONTROL OF FLEXIBLE AEROSPACE STRUCTURES -- INTRODUCTION -- REQUIREMENTS AND PERFORMANCE -- MODEL DEVELOPMENT -- CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT -- SIMULATIONS AND THEIR USE -- ORBITAL OPERATIONS AND USE OF DATA -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 7. CONTROL CHALLENGES FROM SPACE AND GROUND BASED ASTRONOMICAL TELESCOPES -- 1.0 HIGH-PERFORMANCE ASTRONOMICAL INSTRUMENTS -- 2.0 MODELING CONTROLLED OPTICAL SYSTEMS -- 3.0 SEGMENTED MIRROR FIGURE CONTROL EXAMPLE -- 4.0 CONCLUSION -- 5.0 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- 6.0 REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 8. TRAJECTORY OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES AND SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION -- INTRODUCTION -- SPECIAL SOFTWARE FEATURES AND DATA STRUCTURE -- ADVANCED USER INTERFACE (UI) -- EXAMPLE: ASCENT of a SSTO -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 9. PROBLEMS IN CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN FOR HYPERSONIC VEHICLES -- Introduction -- Aerodynamics -- SCRAMjet Propulsion -- Propulsion-Aerodynamic Coupling -- Structural Dynamic and Aeroelastic Effects -- Further Dynamics and Control Issues -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- CHAPTER 10. DEVELOPMENT OF A ROBUST FLIGHT CONTROL LAW FOR A VSTOL AIRCRAFT -- 1 INTRODUCTION -- 2 FLIGHT CONTROL MODES -- 3 INCEPTOR SPECIFICATION -- 4 FEEDBACK VARIABLES -- 5 MULTIVARIABLE LOOP-SHAPING -- 6 EXAMPLE LINEAR DESIGN -- 7 NON-LINEAR SIMULATION -- 8 CONCLUSIONS -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 11. APPLICATION OF RESTRUCTURABLE FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM TO AN AIRLINER -- INTRODUCTION -- DIGITAL RFCS -- FEEDFORWARD CONTROL USING SLOW EFFECTORS -- SIMULATION -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES.
CHAPTER 12. USE OF OPTIMAL INTEGRAL CONTROL TO RESTORE TRIM IN A RECONFIGURABLE FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- AIRCRAFT DYNAMICS -- RECONFIGURABLE FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 13. ADAPTIVE ON-LINE SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION OF AEROSPACE STRUCTURES USING MX FILTERS -- INTRODUCTION -- THE NEW METHOD: ON-LINE SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION USING MX FILTERS -- EXPERIMENTS: ON-LINE IDENTIFICATION OF A TIME-VARYING STRUCTURE -- CONCLUDING REMARKS AND FURTHER APPLICATIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 14. ONLINE GUIDANCE AND CONTROL OF A SPACECRAFT FOR AN AEROASSISTED ORBIT TRANSFER -- INTRODUCTION -- MODEL EQUATIONS -- MOTION OF THE CENTER OF MASS -- GUIDANCE -- TRAJECTORY TRACKING -- ATTITUDE CONTROL : GAIN SCHEDULING -- SIMULATION RESULTS -- SENSITIVITY TO THE INITIAL PATH ANGLE -- ROBUSTNESS W.R.T. DENSITY DEVIATIONS -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 15. SMART STRUCTURES AND MATERIALS SYSTEMS -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. THE CONCEPT -- 3. THE ENABLING, CONTRIBUTORY FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS -- 4. USES & BENEFITS OF SMART STRUCTURES AND MATERIALS -- 5. OVERVIEW OF WORLD-WIDE ACTIVITY -- 6. AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS FOR SMART STRUCTURES -- 7. IMPLICATIONS OF SMART STRUCTURES TECHNOLOGY -- 7. CONCLUDING REMARKS -- 8. BIBLIOGRAPHY -- CHAPTER 16. ATTITUDE CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE AUTONOMOUS SPACECRAFT "MARS", DEVELOPMENT, GROUND VALIDATION AND VERIFICATION, FLIGHT CONTROL OPERATION -- INTRODUCTION -- OPTIONS OF THE CONTROL SYSTEM CONCEPTION -- ACS PHASES OF OPERATION -- GROUND TESTS -- FLIGHT CONTROL -- CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 17. ROSAT FLIGHT EXPERIENCE WITH H/W-DEGRADATIONS AND S/W-RECOVERY MEASURES -- INTRODUCTION -- EVENTS IN THE ROSAT LIFETIME -- IN-ORBIT REPROGRAMMING OF THE AMCS-S/W -- S/W-IMPLEMENTATION ASPECTS. GROUND TEST AND INORBITE XPERIENCE.
ROSAT POINTING MODE OPERATION WITH LESS THAN 3 GYROS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 18. VALIDATION APPROACH FOR THE MODULAR ATTITUDE DETERMINATION CONTROL SUBSYSTEM IMPLEMENTED ON TOPEX/POSEIDON (T/P) -- INTRODUCTION -- MACS MODULE DESCRIPTION -- APPLICATION OF THE MACS TO T/P -- T / P SATELLITE DESCRIPTION -- T / P MACS REQUIREMENTS -- FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS -- PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS -- GROUND VERIFICATION PROCESS -- REQUIREMENTS OVERVIEW -- VERIFICATION APPROACH -- HARDWARE VERIFICATION -- SOFTWARE VERIFICATION -- ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION -- FLIGHT PERFORMANCE ISSUES -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 19. ADVANCED ATTITUDE- AND ORBIT CONTROL CONCEPTS FOR 3-AXIS-STABILIZED COMMUNICATION AND APPLICATION SATELLITES -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. ADVANCED AOCS REQUIREMENTS -- 3. DESIGN APPROACH -- A. S/C CONFIGURATION AND MISSION CONDITIONS -- 5. AOCS EQUIPMENT CHARACTERISTICS -- 6. ATTITUDE CONTROL IN TRANSFER ORBIT -- 7. ATTITUDE AND ORBIT CONTROL IN GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT -- 8. SAFE MODES -- 9. FAILURE DETECTION, ISOLATION & RECOVERY -- 10. SUMMARY -- 11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- 12. REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 20. DISCRETE FREQUENCY DISTURBANCE REJECTION IN MULTIVARIABLE DIGITAL CONTROLLERS -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Frequency Response in Sampled Data Controllers -- 3. Continuous LQR/LQG Controller with Disturbance Rejection -- 4. Discrete LQR/LQG Design for Disturbance Rejection -- 5. Example -- 6. Conclusions -- 7. Acknowledgments -- 8. References -- CHAPTER 21. A REVIEW OF CHINESE SPACECRAFT CONTROL -- PREFACE -- SPACECRAFT CONTROL IN MEDIUM AND LOW ALTITUDE ORBIT -- GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE CONTROL [7] -- CHARACTERISTICS OF CHINESE SPACECRAFT CONTROL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCE -- CHAPTER 22. ROBUST ATTITUDE CONTROL USING A CMG SYSTEMAND AN EXPERIMENT WITH A SIMULATION PLATFORM -- INTRODUCTION -- SIMULATION PLATFORM.
ROBUST ATTITUDE CONTROL -- GLOBAL SINGULARITY AVOIDANCE OF CMG -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 23. SPACECRAFT CONTROL ELECTRONICS - AN AUTOMATED MICROPROCESSOR BASED SPACECRAFT SYSTEM CONTROL FOR INTELSAT VII SATELLITES -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- SCE ARCHITECTURE -- SCE HARDWARE DESIGN -- DCU HARDWARE -- SCE SOFTWARE DESIGN -- SCE FUNCTIONS -- COMMAND PROCESSING -- ATTITUDE DETERMINATION and CONTROL FUNCTIONS -- THERMAL CONTROL -- BATTERY MANAGEMENT -- ANTENNA POSITION AND CONTROL -- SCE TESTING -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- CHAPTER 24. A RE-ENTRY CAPSULE CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN FOR MICROGRAVITY EXPERIMENTS -- INTRODUCTION -- REFERENCE FRAMES AND CONFIGURATION OF CARINA CAPSULE -- PHASE 3: OPERATIVE ATTITUDE ACQUISITION -- PHASE 4: OPERATIVE PHASE -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 25. ARIANE 5 DYNAMICS AND CONTROL -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Dynamic Analyses -- 3 Control Algorithm -- CHAPTER 26. OPTIMAL DIGITAL AUTOPILOT FOR SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLES DURING ATMOSPHERIC PHASE -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MATHEMATICAL MODELING -- 3. OPTIMAL CONTROLLER DESIGN -- 4 CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 27. GRAVITY PROBE-B, A GYRO TEST OF GENERAL RELATIVITY IN A SATELLITE -- INTRODUCTION -- DIRECTIONALITY IN SPACE-TIME -- A COHERENT FLIGHT PROGRAM -- CHAPTER 28. ORBIT CONTROL OF A RECALCITRANT SATELLITE -- SHORT HISTORY OF THE OLYMPUS MISSION IN ORBIT -- STATION KEEPING PRINCIPLES AND OPERATIONL CONSTRAINTS -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 29. FUZZY LOGIC FOR CONTROL SYSTEMS -- INTRODUCTION -- FUZZY CONTROL -- RESULTS OF FIZZY CONTROL -- LESSONS LEARNED FROM APPLICATIONS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 30. USE OF AN EXPERT SYSTEM IN AUTONOMOUS ORBIT CONTROL -- INTRODUCTION -- ORBIT DETERMINATION -- AUTOMATION OF FUNCTIONS -- ROLE OF THE EXPERT SYSTEM -- ESIOD -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES.
CHAPTER 31. THE UK MISSION MANAGEMENT AID PROJECT.
Summary: Space vehicles have become increasingly complex in recent years, and the number of missions has multiplied as a result of extending frontiers in the exploration of our planetary system and the universe beyond. The advancement of automatic control in aerospace reflects these developments. Key areas covered in these proceedings include: the size and complexity of spacecrafts and the increasingly stringent performance requirements to be fulfilled in a harsh and unpredictable environment; the merger of space vehicles and airplanes into space planes to launch and retrieve payloads by reusable winged vehicles; and the demand to increase space automation and autonomy to reduce human involvement as much as possible in manned, man-tended and unmanned missions. This volume covers not only the newly evolving key technologies but also the classical issues of guidance, navigation and control.
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TL678 -- .A927 1993 (Browse shelf) http://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/uttyler/detail.action?docID=1888688 Available EBC1888688

Front Cover -- Automatic Control in Aerospace 1992: Selected Papers From the 12th IFAC Symposium, Ottobrunn, Germany, 7-11 September 1992 -- Copyright Page -- Table of Contents -- IFAC SYMPOSIUM ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL INAEROSPACE 1992 -- FOREWORD -- PRINCIPAL TOPICS -- TOWARDS A FULLY AUTOMATIC FLIGHT FORPASSENGER AIR CRAFT AND SPACE AND EARTH REFERENCE SYSTEMS -- CHAPTER 1. PARALLEL PROCESSING ARCHITECTURES FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS -- PROCESSING DEMANDS IN AIRCRAFT -- CONTROL LAW COMPLEXITY -- CURRENT CONCERNS OF AVIONICS SYSTEMS DEVELOPERS -- PARALLEL PROCESSING -- SOFTWARE PARTITIONING AND TASK ALLOCATION STRATEGIES -- EXECUTION TIME REDUCTION -- FAULT TOLERANCE -- DISTRIBUTED ARCHITECTURES AND NETWORK TOPOLOGIES -- COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES -- SMART ACTUATION -- SMART STRUCTURES -- THE FUTURE-NEURAL NETWORKS -- MODULAR AVIONICS AND INTEGRATION -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 2. GNC AND AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM SDEVELOPMENT, VALIDATION AND VERIFICATION -- 1 - INTRODUCTION -- 2 - AOCS TEST SET-UPS -- 3 - KEY ELEMENTS OF AOCS TESTS -- 4- DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION LOGICS AOCS -- 5 - TN-ORBIT EXPERIENCE RETURN -- 6-FUTURE TRENDS -- CHAPRER 3. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN AEROSPACE GUIDANCE AND CONTROL: KNOWLEDGE-BASED PILOT ASSISTANCE -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. FUNCTIONAL MODULES OF BASELINE STRUCTURE -- 3. KNOWLEDGE REPRESENTATION METHODS AND TECHNIQUES -- 4. STRUCTURE OF CASSY -- 5. EXPERIMENTAL TEST RESULTS -- 6. CONCLUDING REMARKS -- 7. REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 4. SPACE ROBOTICS AND MANIPULATORS: LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE PAST AND FUTURE MISSIONS AND SYSTEMS -- INTRODUCTION -- ROBOTS AND MANIPULATORS -- LESSON LEARN FROM THE PAST -- FUTURE MISSIONS AND SYSTEMS -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 5. COMMAND AND CONTROL FOR INTELLIGENT AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES: AN APPROACH EMPHASISING INTEROPERABILITY -- INTRODUCTION.

COMMAND AND CONTROL FOR AUTONOMOUS SYSTEMS -- INTELLIGENT CONTROL ARCHITECTURES -- INTELLIGENT CONTROL PROCESSES -- IAV's MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUCTURES -- POLYMORPHIC ROBOT COMMAND LANGUAGE -- OBJECT ORIENTATION IN ROBOTICS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 6. DYNAMICS AND CONTROL OF FLEXIBLE AEROSPACE STRUCTURES -- INTRODUCTION -- REQUIREMENTS AND PERFORMANCE -- MODEL DEVELOPMENT -- CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT -- SIMULATIONS AND THEIR USE -- ORBITAL OPERATIONS AND USE OF DATA -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 7. CONTROL CHALLENGES FROM SPACE AND GROUND BASED ASTRONOMICAL TELESCOPES -- 1.0 HIGH-PERFORMANCE ASTRONOMICAL INSTRUMENTS -- 2.0 MODELING CONTROLLED OPTICAL SYSTEMS -- 3.0 SEGMENTED MIRROR FIGURE CONTROL EXAMPLE -- 4.0 CONCLUSION -- 5.0 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- 6.0 REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 8. TRAJECTORY OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES AND SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION -- INTRODUCTION -- SPECIAL SOFTWARE FEATURES AND DATA STRUCTURE -- ADVANCED USER INTERFACE (UI) -- EXAMPLE: ASCENT of a SSTO -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 9. PROBLEMS IN CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN FOR HYPERSONIC VEHICLES -- Introduction -- Aerodynamics -- SCRAMjet Propulsion -- Propulsion-Aerodynamic Coupling -- Structural Dynamic and Aeroelastic Effects -- Further Dynamics and Control Issues -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- CHAPTER 10. DEVELOPMENT OF A ROBUST FLIGHT CONTROL LAW FOR A VSTOL AIRCRAFT -- 1 INTRODUCTION -- 2 FLIGHT CONTROL MODES -- 3 INCEPTOR SPECIFICATION -- 4 FEEDBACK VARIABLES -- 5 MULTIVARIABLE LOOP-SHAPING -- 6 EXAMPLE LINEAR DESIGN -- 7 NON-LINEAR SIMULATION -- 8 CONCLUSIONS -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 11. APPLICATION OF RESTRUCTURABLE FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM TO AN AIRLINER -- INTRODUCTION -- DIGITAL RFCS -- FEEDFORWARD CONTROL USING SLOW EFFECTORS -- SIMULATION -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES.

CHAPTER 12. USE OF OPTIMAL INTEGRAL CONTROL TO RESTORE TRIM IN A RECONFIGURABLE FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM -- ABSTRACT -- KEYWORDS -- INTRODUCTION -- AIRCRAFT DYNAMICS -- RECONFIGURABLE FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEMS -- CONCLUSIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 13. ADAPTIVE ON-LINE SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION OF AEROSPACE STRUCTURES USING MX FILTERS -- INTRODUCTION -- THE NEW METHOD: ON-LINE SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION USING MX FILTERS -- EXPERIMENTS: ON-LINE IDENTIFICATION OF A TIME-VARYING STRUCTURE -- CONCLUDING REMARKS AND FURTHER APPLICATIONS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 14. ONLINE GUIDANCE AND CONTROL OF A SPACECRAFT FOR AN AEROASSISTED ORBIT TRANSFER -- INTRODUCTION -- MODEL EQUATIONS -- MOTION OF THE CENTER OF MASS -- GUIDANCE -- TRAJECTORY TRACKING -- ATTITUDE CONTROL : GAIN SCHEDULING -- SIMULATION RESULTS -- SENSITIVITY TO THE INITIAL PATH ANGLE -- ROBUSTNESS W.R.T. DENSITY DEVIATIONS -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 15. SMART STRUCTURES AND MATERIALS SYSTEMS -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. THE CONCEPT -- 3. THE ENABLING, CONTRIBUTORY FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS -- 4. USES & BENEFITS OF SMART STRUCTURES AND MATERIALS -- 5. OVERVIEW OF WORLD-WIDE ACTIVITY -- 6. AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS FOR SMART STRUCTURES -- 7. IMPLICATIONS OF SMART STRUCTURES TECHNOLOGY -- 7. CONCLUDING REMARKS -- 8. BIBLIOGRAPHY -- CHAPTER 16. ATTITUDE CONTROL SYSTEM OF THE AUTONOMOUS SPACECRAFT "MARS", DEVELOPMENT, GROUND VALIDATION AND VERIFICATION, FLIGHT CONTROL OPERATION -- INTRODUCTION -- OPTIONS OF THE CONTROL SYSTEM CONCEPTION -- ACS PHASES OF OPERATION -- GROUND TESTS -- FLIGHT CONTROL -- CONCLUSION -- CHAPTER 17. ROSAT FLIGHT EXPERIENCE WITH H/W-DEGRADATIONS AND S/W-RECOVERY MEASURES -- INTRODUCTION -- EVENTS IN THE ROSAT LIFETIME -- IN-ORBIT REPROGRAMMING OF THE AMCS-S/W -- S/W-IMPLEMENTATION ASPECTS. GROUND TEST AND INORBITE XPERIENCE.

ROSAT POINTING MODE OPERATION WITH LESS THAN 3 GYROS -- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 18. VALIDATION APPROACH FOR THE MODULAR ATTITUDE DETERMINATION CONTROL SUBSYSTEM IMPLEMENTED ON TOPEX/POSEIDON (T/P) -- INTRODUCTION -- MACS MODULE DESCRIPTION -- APPLICATION OF THE MACS TO T/P -- T / P SATELLITE DESCRIPTION -- T / P MACS REQUIREMENTS -- FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENTS -- PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS -- GROUND VERIFICATION PROCESS -- REQUIREMENTS OVERVIEW -- VERIFICATION APPROACH -- HARDWARE VERIFICATION -- SOFTWARE VERIFICATION -- ANALYSIS AND SIMULATION -- FLIGHT PERFORMANCE ISSUES -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 19. ADVANCED ATTITUDE- AND ORBIT CONTROL CONCEPTS FOR 3-AXIS-STABILIZED COMMUNICATION AND APPLICATION SATELLITES -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. ADVANCED AOCS REQUIREMENTS -- 3. DESIGN APPROACH -- A. S/C CONFIGURATION AND MISSION CONDITIONS -- 5. AOCS EQUIPMENT CHARACTERISTICS -- 6. ATTITUDE CONTROL IN TRANSFER ORBIT -- 7. ATTITUDE AND ORBIT CONTROL IN GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT -- 8. SAFE MODES -- 9. FAILURE DETECTION, ISOLATION & RECOVERY -- 10. SUMMARY -- 11. ACKNOWLEDGMENT -- 12. REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 20. DISCRETE FREQUENCY DISTURBANCE REJECTION IN MULTIVARIABLE DIGITAL CONTROLLERS -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Frequency Response in Sampled Data Controllers -- 3. Continuous LQR/LQG Controller with Disturbance Rejection -- 4. Discrete LQR/LQG Design for Disturbance Rejection -- 5. Example -- 6. Conclusions -- 7. Acknowledgments -- 8. References -- CHAPTER 21. A REVIEW OF CHINESE SPACECRAFT CONTROL -- PREFACE -- SPACECRAFT CONTROL IN MEDIUM AND LOW ALTITUDE ORBIT -- GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE CONTROL [7] -- CHARACTERISTICS OF CHINESE SPACECRAFT CONTROL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCE -- CHAPTER 22. ROBUST ATTITUDE CONTROL USING A CMG SYSTEMAND AN EXPERIMENT WITH A SIMULATION PLATFORM -- INTRODUCTION -- SIMULATION PLATFORM.

ROBUST ATTITUDE CONTROL -- GLOBAL SINGULARITY AVOIDANCE OF CMG -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 23. SPACECRAFT CONTROL ELECTRONICS - AN AUTOMATED MICROPROCESSOR BASED SPACECRAFT SYSTEM CONTROL FOR INTELSAT VII SATELLITES -- ABSTRACT -- INTRODUCTION -- SCE ARCHITECTURE -- SCE HARDWARE DESIGN -- DCU HARDWARE -- SCE SOFTWARE DESIGN -- SCE FUNCTIONS -- COMMAND PROCESSING -- ATTITUDE DETERMINATION and CONTROL FUNCTIONS -- THERMAL CONTROL -- BATTERY MANAGEMENT -- ANTENNA POSITION AND CONTROL -- SCE TESTING -- CONCLUSION -- ACKNOWLEDGMENTS -- CHAPTER 24. A RE-ENTRY CAPSULE CONTROL SYSTEM DESIGN FOR MICROGRAVITY EXPERIMENTS -- INTRODUCTION -- REFERENCE FRAMES AND CONFIGURATION OF CARINA CAPSULE -- PHASE 3: OPERATIVE ATTITUDE ACQUISITION -- PHASE 4: OPERATIVE PHASE -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 25. ARIANE 5 DYNAMICS AND CONTROL -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Dynamic Analyses -- 3 Control Algorithm -- CHAPTER 26. OPTIMAL DIGITAL AUTOPILOT FOR SATELLITE LAUNCH VEHICLES DURING ATMOSPHERIC PHASE -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MATHEMATICAL MODELING -- 3. OPTIMAL CONTROLLER DESIGN -- 4 CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 27. GRAVITY PROBE-B, A GYRO TEST OF GENERAL RELATIVITY IN A SATELLITE -- INTRODUCTION -- DIRECTIONALITY IN SPACE-TIME -- A COHERENT FLIGHT PROGRAM -- CHAPTER 28. ORBIT CONTROL OF A RECALCITRANT SATELLITE -- SHORT HISTORY OF THE OLYMPUS MISSION IN ORBIT -- STATION KEEPING PRINCIPLES AND OPERATIONL CONSTRAINTS -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 29. FUZZY LOGIC FOR CONTROL SYSTEMS -- INTRODUCTION -- FUZZY CONTROL -- RESULTS OF FIZZY CONTROL -- LESSONS LEARNED FROM APPLICATIONS -- CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- CHAPTER 30. USE OF AN EXPERT SYSTEM IN AUTONOMOUS ORBIT CONTROL -- INTRODUCTION -- ORBIT DETERMINATION -- AUTOMATION OF FUNCTIONS -- ROLE OF THE EXPERT SYSTEM -- ESIOD -- CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES.

CHAPTER 31. THE UK MISSION MANAGEMENT AID PROJECT.

Space vehicles have become increasingly complex in recent years, and the number of missions has multiplied as a result of extending frontiers in the exploration of our planetary system and the universe beyond. The advancement of automatic control in aerospace reflects these developments. Key areas covered in these proceedings include: the size and complexity of spacecrafts and the increasingly stringent performance requirements to be fulfilled in a harsh and unpredictable environment; the merger of space vehicles and airplanes into space planes to launch and retrieve payloads by reusable winged vehicles; and the demand to increase space automation and autonomy to reduce human involvement as much as possible in manned, man-tended and unmanned missions. This volume covers not only the newly evolving key technologies but also the classical issues of guidance, navigation and control.

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