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020 _a0275939618 (pbk. : alk. paper)
020 _a9780275939618 (pbk. : alk. paper)
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043 _ae------
050 0 0 _aD810.P76
_bS4613 1993
082 0 0 _a940.53/161
_220
084 _a15.70
_2bcl
084 _aNQ 2490
_2rvk
049 _aTEXA
100 1 _aSémelin, Jacques.
240 1 0 _aSans armes face à Hitler.
_lEnglish
245 1 0 _aUnarmed against Hitler :
_bcivilian resistance in Europe, 1939-1943 /
_cJacques Semelin ; translated by Suzan Husserl-Kapit ; foreword by Stanley Hoffmann.
260 _aWestport, Conn. :
_bPraeger,
_cc1993.
300 _axii, 198 p. ;
_c25 cm.
504 _aIncludes bibliographical references and index.
546 _aTranslation of: Sans armes face à Hitler.
505 0 0 _tForeword /
_rStanley Hoffmann --
_tIntroduction: A New Look at the "Resistance" --
_g1.
_tThe Main Traits of the Nazi Occupation in Europe.
_tFundamental Objectives.
_tPrincipal Forms of Domination.
_tPolitical Expressions of Collaboration.
_tReasons for State Collaboration: A Comparison between Denmark and France --
_g2.
_tWhich Resistance?
_tWhich History of the Resistance?
_tThe Field of Civilian Resistance --
_g3.
_tThe Complexities of Noncooperation.
_tThe Complexity of Behaviors Toward the Occupying Forces.
_tThe Progressive Radicalization of Relations between the Occupying Forces and the Occupied Population --
_g4.
_tThe Question of Legitimacy.
_tNorway's Steadfastness.
_tFrance's Alienation.
_tThe Netherlands' Contradictions.
_tTwo Political Rationales for Resistance --
_g5.
_tElements of Social Cohesion.
_tInternal Factors.
_tExternal Factors.
_tLaws of Reactivity --
_g6.
_tThe Role of Opinion.
_tFrom Opinion to Resistance.
_tThe Public Expression of Resisting Opinion.
_tThe Political Walls of Civil Society.
_tThe Theory of the Three Circles --
_g7.
_tCivilian Resistance Against Repression.
_tProvoked Repression.
_tRestrained Repression.
_tOther Factors of Vulnerability --
_g8.
_tCivilian Resistance to the Genocide.
_tThe Strategy of Victimization.
_tThe Screen of State.
_tThe Screen of Opinion.
_tThe Screen of Social Networks.
_tThe Terminal Stage of Cancer.
_tCan Genocide Be Prevented? --
_g9.
_tWhich Role for Which Results?
_tSurviving in an Independent Society.
_tDirect, Indirect, and Dissuasive Effectiveness.
_tConclusion: The New Field of Civilian-Based Defense Strategies --
_tAppendix: Elements of Methodology.
520 _aResistance in German-occupied Europe is generally understood as insurrectional violence. However, as soon as the war broke out, thousands of people engaged in civil disobedience--manifested through strikes, demonstrations, and the activities of medical organizations, courts of law, and churches. Jacques Semelin gathers evidence for the story of a movement that took place in France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, and Denmark as well as Poland, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Germany itself. A widespread campaign contested authority and paved the way for later armed resistance and the eventual defeat of the Nazis. --From publisher's description.
650 0 _aWorld War, 1939-1945
_xProtest movements
_zEurope.
650 0 _aPassive resistance
_zEurope
_xHistory
_y20th century.
650 0 _aNonviolence
_xHistory
_y20th century.
651 0 _aEurope
_xPolitics and government
_y20th century.
653 0 _aWorld War 2
_aResistance movements
653 0 _aEurope
776 0 8 _iOnline version:
_aSémelin, Jacques.
_sSans armes face à Hitler. English.
_tUnarmed against Hitler.
_dWestport, Conn. : Praeger, c1993
_w(OCoLC)624324662
942 _2lcc
_cBOOK
999 _c113339
_d117764